Annual of Urdu Studies, v. 1, 1981 p. ii.


Graphics file for this page

A N OTE ON [ TI ANSI •IT ERATION

Vowels: a a e e 2 T 0 5 LZ i? ai au

Consonants:

b ^ r J f ^9

Jl .»

P ^.-> r ^ q

» ^

t i——-> z J k \^/

c ,\ ^

t '—"> Z ^ 9 ^>

s L^> S <^ 1 J

3 ^ -s L^ m r

c ^ ^ ^ n u

h ^ z^ (^ N u

x ^ t. J? w ^

d -> Z J> h 6

d 1> ^ r 0 H $0

z • j 5 ^ y Z-

1. hamza is not indicated.

2. Word-final h is indicated only when it is pronounced. E.^., in nigah, but not in qa^lda.

3. "Izafat" compounds are indicated by -e-.

4. The Arabic definite article is written: (-)al-.

5. The w of conjunction is written: -o-.

6. Example: Ghalib's couplet on the cover,

hal kah'aN tamann'a ka d^isra qadam ya-rabb ham n'e daSt-e-lmkaN k'o ek naqls-e-p'a p'aya

7. English rules of capitalization will be followed for names, titles, etc.

Annual of Urdu Studies is published once a year. Annual subscription: $12.00. Make checks payable to C. M. Nairn. Subscriptions, contributions and other correspondence should be addressed to C. M. Nairn

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