52 SOCIAL SCIENTIST
for the transformation are broadly of two types: traditional and modern.
The traditional process, characterized by the impact of certain traditions of the major neighbouring communities, has led 10 the resultant concepts like Hinduization, Sanskritization, tribe-caste continuum, and so on. The modern process includes factors like Christianity, urbanization, industrialization, education and so on. In the case of the Reangs, the factors primarily responsible for bringing about change in them are the close interaction with Hindu Bengalis, socio-cultural relationship with Hindus, impact of modern economy, urbanization, developed agricultural technology and modern education.
The "traditional process" in the past was exclusively responsible for bringing about a transformation in the secular, social and sacred spheres of tribal culture. It is more so in the case of Reangs of Tripura. This process directed the change of the respective tribal cultures on the regional pattern of the Hindu "style of life". As it was indigenous, continuous, non-competitive and voluntary, the "rate of change" was slow and selective, reciprocal and accommodative as well as integrative and assimilative. The Reangs were influenced and moulded mostly by the Hindu Bengalis in every sphere of their life.
While the traditional process brought the regional "Hindu model" before the tribals, the modern process, by and large, placed before them the Western urban industrial developmental and democratic "model" for inducing change. Ghristianization of the tribals in certain selected tribal regions or pockets presented an alternative "model" before them, which incidentally became acceptable with the backing of the British government. The spread of Christianity through the Western missionaries (of different Churches and denominations) succeeded in bringing about a marked change in the sacred, social, educational and economic status of the converted tribal groups. Under these circumstances, the unevenncss of social change led to a large amount of internal stress and strain between one section of the population and the other. Owing to all these the course of integration of the tribes with their age-old traditional processes was considerably disturbed. Recently it has been seen that among the Reang community the younger generation is keen on adopting Christianity though their forefathers were mostly Hindus.
The socio-cultural interaction between the dominant community and tribals brings about considerable changes in the latter*