Social Scientist. v 11, no. 116 (Jan 1983) p. 59.

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BOOK REVIEW Review Article

The Real Face of Manager ialism9

MOHINDER KUMAR, MANAGERIALISM AND THE WORKING CLASS IN INDIA, Sterling Publishers Private Limited, New Delhi, 1982, Pages ix + 165, Rs 60.00

THE GROWTH of monopoly capital in the U S A and Western Europe gave rise to several schools of management. The school of scientific management was the first to emerge since the beginning of the present century. Frederick W Taylor had enunciated his 'Principles of Scientific Management9 in the course of the First World War. Lenin had examined the contributions of Taylor in the context of the problems of socialist construction in Soviet Russia. Many other schools such as the 'human relations school', 'empirical school', 'social systems school', 'new school of management science' and their variants sprouted during the stormy inter-war days of capitalism. The philosophical and theoretical foundations of these schools as well as the tools, techniques and practices of management assumed enormous importance in the curricula and courses of study in business management and public administration in the leading universities in the USA and other developed capitalist countries, especially after the Second World War. The universities as well as the government and private foundations in the USA were encouraging the propagation of these theories and practices in the developing countries by inducting a large number of students, by helping to set up institutes of management and public administration in the developing countries, by training their faculties and students and by the contents of the courses of study. Thus, 'managerialism' was a child of monopoly capitalism. It was primarily designed to intensify surplus extraction from unwilling workers by conditioning their mind, behaviour and action through various psychological and sociological devices as well as by technical and organisational processes. However, these accoutrements of monopoly capitalism have been passed on to the developing countries as a panacea for the problems of industrialisation and development. Managers are presented as professionals imbued with social responsibility. Capital is regarded as a factor of production. Managerial concepts, theories,

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