Social Scientist. v 11, no. 121 (June 1983) p. 3.


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SUDHIR CHANDRA*

Literature qnd the ^Colonial Connection

ATTITUDES towards t the colonial! connection reflect something^ the essence of^olomal consciousness. Be^id^ practically determiNn^ political behaviour, they exercise, in a colonial society y a critical influence on the making of choices in matters aocial and cultural These attitudes, especially during the earlier stages of the colonial contact, often combine in varying proportion hostility towards^ aiti willing acceptance of the alien presence. This ifaeam that Caliban and Ariel, as models oB^ivo opposing responses from the colonised,^ a^e tittle more than aj convenient heuristic device to isolate traits that remain in^xtricwUy enmeshed in real historical situations. This aspect ^f coloniaMoBSciousness, as'revealed in Indian responses to British rule^dariog the later biniietee^nth century,/is examinfed in^this paper. / ^ ' f < ^

A significant1 featwe of these responses was the knotting together of an acute ftense tef ^abjection, with its resultant urge fof freedom, andloyalltyan attempt inhere made to understaAd aspects of colonial^ conscioiasn^sig through contemporary literature;

though keeping in mind th^worfk that has been done on the growth of ^aati^Aalist politics during the period. (

The staple for^tbis paper is taken fTonsi Hindi' Litterateurs. As compared to some other Indian languages, Hindi entered its modem titriraty phase ratter late. Yet, responses to the colonial impact in

*F^H



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