74 SOCIAL SCIENTIST
such moves had already been made. The few indications that he got from the two leaders also fitted into this pattern:
It is against this background that one would be interested to read Snow's report of Mao's assessment of the ideological struggle launched between the two (Soviet and Chinese) Parties.
Who had fired the first shot ? The Russians had called the Chinese dogmatists and then the Chinese had called them revisionists. China had published their criticisms, but the Russians had not dared publish China's. Then they had sent some Cubans and later Romanians to ask the Chinese to cease open polemics. That would not do, Mao said. The polemics would have to be canted on for 10,000 years if necessary. Then Kosygin himself had come. After their talk Mao had told him that he would take off 1000 years but no more.
The Russians looked down on the Chinese and also looked down on the people of many countries, he said. They thought that they only had to speak the word and all people would listen and obey. They did not believe that there were people who would not do so and that one of them was his humble self. Although Sino-Russian ideological differences were now irreconcilable—as demonstrated by their contradictory policies in Cambodia—they could eventually settle their problems as between states (P 175).
Several pronouncements officially made by the CommunLt Party of China earlier had made it clear that what they have been objecting to in the Soviet Party leadership was the tatter's domineering attitude. Snow's interview with Mao confirms it. Recent developments leading to a detente with the United States, while tension with the Soviet Union continues, are further confirmation of the very same fact.
The question therefore arises : now that the Chinese have been able to prove that they can stand on their own legs and develop their socialist society independently of the Soviet Union, do they think that the Soviet Party will necessarily have to recognise the reality and get reconciled to the existence of two 'super powers' in the socialist camp? Is that why Mao thinks that problems as between the two (Soviet and Chinese) states can be settled?
Furthermore, is there a likelihood of the Chinese who have established themselves as a mighty socialist nation in its own right, adopting the same domineering attitude to other parties? This doubt arises in the background of their insistence that the Thought of Mao Tse-trug is true Marxism-Leninism and should be adopted by every Communist and Workers' Party in the world.
The conflict in the international communist movement, beginning with the expulsion of Yugoslavia by the Information Bureau of Communist and Workers' Parties and ending with the open confrontation between the Soviet and Chinese parties, is a new phenomenon which has shocked everybody in the world. Enemies of the communist movement