BOOK REVIEW 75
had hoped that this would destroy the international communist movement.
Facts revealed in this book, as well as other facts, go to show that however painful to all the friends of the communist movement and however temporarily damaging the impact, the conflict within the international communist movement has not halted the advance of socialist construction. Every socialist country in the world is, in fact, going from success to success (although with temporary setbacks and reverses), while the capitalist world is going from crisis to crisis. The conflicts that have developed between different countries within the socialist camp, as well as among the Communist and Workers' Parties in the capitalist and socialist world, should therefore be seen in the proper perspective.
The formation of a socialist camp consisting of a dozen countries, each of which is having a proletarian government, raised a new problem —that of the mutual relations between different socialist countries which are sovereign but part of the same social order. How to preserve their unity and cohesion in content without doing violence to the sovereignty of each country—such is the question posed in real life, a question which was not present in the days of Marx, Engels and Lenin. No answer to this question can therefore be found in their works. The answer has to be found—and found in the painful way that is involved in the learning of every such lesson—by the present builders of socialist society.
It is this question that has led to the convulsions that have been rocking the international movement during the last quarter of a century. The expulsion of and subsequent apology to Yugoslavia, the battle that is still raging between the majority in the international movement and China, China's own insistence that every fraternal party should fall in line with the Thought of Mao Tse-tung—these are indications to show that we have not yet seen the last of these convulsions.
E M S NAMBOODIRIPAD