2 SOCIAL SCIENTIST
historians, which is not so remarkable, but also from any suggestion that the Left Movement constituted in some sense a parallel to the National Movement. He sees the National Movement as one movement, "the greatest creation of the Indian people to date", over which the Left contended for hegemony, unsuccessfully at the time as it turned out to be.
Habib's article is followed by a number of particular pieces on specific themes which again would fall broadly within the rubric of the National Movement. Amalendu De narrates the development of social thought and consciousness among, the Bengali Muslims in the colonial period, distinguishes between the many currents, from Muslim separatism to secular nationalism to Marxism-Leninism, which emerged from this development, and details the ascendancy which Muslim separatism began to acquire in the 1930s leading to the eventual partition of Bengal. The story of the tension among the Bengali Muslims between their Bengali identity and. their Muslim identity however has far from ended.
Suranjan Das sees the Quit India Movement in much broader terms, not just as an upsurge of anti-British militancy, but as an event which ushered in, in Bengal at any rate, a radical social upsurge involving workers and peasants. The Communists, notwithstanding their distance from the Quit India movement, were active participants and leaders of this wider social upsurge, which is why they emerged much stronger at the end of the war than anyone, who believed in the anti-Communist propaganda of the Congress at the time, would have thought possible.
The papers by Pankaj Rag and A.K. Biswas go back to an earlier period. Pankaj Rag analyses a number of movements of the 1885-1905 period to underscore the fact that the contacts between the elite and the common levels of population remained limited during this period, giving these movements certain specific characteristics. A.K. Biswas highlights the coercive, oppressive and intimidatory methods used for enforcing boycott during the swadeshi agitation of 1905 and sees the upper castes/classes who were behind such methods as being primarily responsible for the partition of Bengal in 1947.
Finally we publish an obituary article by Margit Koves on Ferenc Feher who passed away some months ago and who, along with his wife Agnes Heller, was an important member of the Budapest School of Georgy Lukacs.