Social Scientist. v 24, no. 275-77 (April-June 1996) p. 182.

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43. The local landlords had owned the rice mill therefore they had interest in it. Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao, 1988, p. 236; also see Dodda Narasaiah, op. cit., for the Suryapeta Struggles.

44. Ibid., p. 246 quoted from Madiraji Rama Koteswara Rao's Autobiography.

45. The History of Land Revenue Legislation in Hyderabad, the Nizam's Government Hyderabad, 1935.

46. Vetti was officially abolished through a Government firman in 1923. The tenants cultivating the land for 12 years continuously were to get shikmi (occupancy) right. Therefore taking up these issues was not illegal.

47. Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao 1988, p. 201; Ravi Narayana Reddy, op. cit.

48. Dr. M.N. Jaisoorya's welcome address to the address to the 10th AMS at Hyderabad, FN 8/AND/52F, HD., 15352F (1943), APSA.

49. Madapatti Hanumantha Rao, op. cit.,

50. Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao, 1988, p. 288, quoted from Telenganam : Collected Essays' edited by Vettikota Alwarswamy.

51. The Congress leaders numbering about 30, led by B. Ramakrishna Rao, and Mandumula Ramchander Rao, resigned from the standing committee of the AMS, obviously in protest against M. Ramakoteswara Rao's election to the presidency with the help of communists. Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao, 1989, p. 230, quoted from M. Ramakoteswara Rao's article in V. Alwarswamy (ed) Telengananam.

52. Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao, 1988, p. 254, quoted from Ramakoteswara Rao's Autobiography.

53. Practically, peasants/labour's good will towards the landlords but not vice versa.

54. Presidential address to the 1943 session. The address was summed up by the Commissioner of police in his letter no. 1226 dated 12 May 1943 FN 8/AND/52F, HD., 1352 F, (1943) APSA.

55. Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao, 1988, pp. 234, 235, 254, 256; Arutla Ramachandra Reddy, op. cit., pp. 14-15.

56. Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao, 1988, p. 237, Artula Ramachandra Reddy, op. cit., p. 15.

57. G.A. Anderson, DDG, CID, secret letter no. 4/AND/54 F dated 4 Jan'1945 FN. 15/AND/54F I HD, 1354 F;, (1945), APSA.

58. Secret Summary of Intelligence No. 29, 5 August 1944, FN 8/MISE 53F, HD., 1353 F., APSA.

59. Confidential Fortnightly Report by Medak Subedar, No, 237 dated January 1st 1945, FN 15/AND/54 F. I, HD., 1354F., APSA.

60. Secret Summary of Intelligence dated 9 October 1944, FN 2/MISC/54F HD., 1354F, APSA.

61. Survaraam Pratap Reddy in an editorial in Golconda Patrika dated 15 June 1944, entitled 'Communistulu Drukpatham' he repreatedly called communists 'Kamarredlu', republished in Golconda Patrika Sampadakiyalu, edited by Devulapalli Ramaraju Rao et al, Hyderabad, 1989, pp. 189-92; Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao, 1988, pp. 264 and 272, cited an article published by Madapati Manumantha Rao in Golconda Patrika.

62. The decision was taken at a meeting in the residence of Mandumula Narasingha Rao. 'The nationalist Party of Andhra Conference has planned to win over the Andhra Masses by making them believe that religion was in danger because the communist had captured the Andhra Conference', Secret Summary of Intelligence, dated 30 October 1944 FN 2/MISC/54 F HD., 1354F APSA.

63. Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao, Telangana Armed Struggle and the path of Indian Revolution (Calcutta, 1974), pp. 4-5. The two groups were considered to be Reddy and Brahmin factions.

64. F.R.I. November 1944 FN. 15/AND/54F supply HD., 1354F, APSA.

65. Interview with ch. Rajeswara Rao.

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