Attitudes to Political Parties
Sheo JVath Singh
The results of a political-attitudinal survey conducted in one part of a Hindi-speaking state in north India are published below. Through a Hindi version of attitude scale for political identification y six c'segments' of the population were studied from a sample of 1555 respondents. Findings of the study provide evidence of the segmental incongruity in attitudes towards political parties.
INDIA is a heterogeneous society. People's attitudes aie shaped in intensive ways through ethnic, religious, linguistic, social and occupational groups. The sole intermediaries between groups and the state are the political parties. Many political parties with their divergent policies and programmes emerged on the Indian scene during the past two decades. They differ in their organizational structure and political content, evoking diverse responses in the social strata.1 This empirical study is an attempt to explore the form and pattern of the the attitudinal incongruency of six occupational gicups, namely, students teacheis, businessmen, clerks, farmers and labourers towards Congress (R), Congress (0), Jansangh, Samyukta Socialist Party (SSP), Communist Party of India (GPI) and Communist Party of India (Marxist), CPI (M).
Respondents in this study belong to six ^segments' of the population: (a) college and university students, (b) college and university teachers, (c) businessmen from the city, (c) clerical staff from state government offices, (e) medium type farmers from villages and (f) labourers from industrial establishments. Employing the incidental-purposive sampling technique 2 1555 respondents from all the six segments were studied.
An attitude scale developed by the author3 in Hindi was used to measure the attitudes of the six categories of respondents towards the six political parties: Congres(R), Congress(O), Jansangh, SSP, CPI and CPI(M).