62 ^ SOCIAL SCIENTIST
'eligible9 for higher jobs in government, semi-government and private agencies or institutions as well as for annual Government awards. It may not be entirely inappropriate to add here that magazines like Prateek, JVikash, Kriti, etc. have served mainly this 'useful' purpose. The whole thing has more or less worked on the pattern of a systematised activity more and more perfected with every new effort.
This systematised activity has its own laws which have an amazing similarity with the ones which govern the sale and purchase of goods in the market on the basis of demand and supply. We may divide this activity in two parts , I) production on the basis of demand and ; 2) sale or disposal at a higher rate through creating more demand.
With regard to the first, the writers keep a close watch on newest developments in literary writing in the Western capitalist countries. This is perhaps because of our colonial heritage that keeps our writers tied down to their sense of inferiority and the glorious promise of success in copying the ways of our erstwhile masters. This fits in well with the general demand of those who wield political power in India. Our ruling classes which have borrowed their growth-model from the Western countries like^to be entertained likewise by the cultural models of the west. For ^ instance, there is the whole 'young generation9 which constantly reads the decadent literature of England and the United States and unconsciously adopts those values. In such a case, only that Indian writer would get acceptance and recognition by the Indian 'reading public9 who not only uses the idiom of his western model but also incorporates the same themes .and point of view. Here we may keep in mind that some of the newest themes in the literature of the capitalist countries have their roots in the dire needs of the capitalist class of those countries to fight, or at least counterbalance, the ever-growing democratic thinking there.
It becomes necessary for the writers in those countries to sometimes give faithful expression to the experience of the 'rootless and horrified9 individual in the 'modern world9. Yet a clever use of such an expression is made to assert the conclusion that all this evil is a part of 'human destiny'. Our writers, in their zeal to get at something philosophical, mysterious and subtle, adopt these themes without for a moment considering that these themes have no more than a fashion-value in our context.
This behaviour of our writers is necessitated by another thinking. Our ruling classes have little in common with the way of life of the toiling masses. The absence of a link between the two ways of life makes it necessary for the ralers to create their autonomous culture and superimpose it on the masses. The Indian writer becomes instrumental in fulfilling this need of the ruling classes. Thus he poses unreal issues and raises false hopes and fears in the minds of common people. Instead of enlightening the people and making them aware of the logic of happenings in social life, the writer dulls their critical sense and distorts their values.
\ Coming to the second part of this activity, the typical Hindi writer comes from the lower middle class. Temperamentally, he is weak and