in India except the Marxists hold that a socio-economic order based on the freedom to own private property is the very core of a free society. But they are under pressure to do 'something^ to alleviate the lot of the masses without whose vote they cannot hope to be in power or in active politics for long. Caught in this dilemma, parliamentarians, steeped in the sanctity of private property, make amendment after amendment to the Constitution in a wild goose chase. There is no better commentary on the futile politics of containing the dire consequences of private property right without impairing it in the slightest.
1 Article V: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation. (1791), "Amendments to the Constitution of the United Stated, Information Please Almanac, Dan Golenpaul (Ed.), Simon and Schuster, New York 1967, p 569.
a Article XIV: Section I ... nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law: nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. (1868). Information Please Almanac, op.cit., p 570.
8 All India Reporter, (AIR) 1973, Supreme Court (SC) 1461.
4 AIR 1951 Patna91.
5 AIR 1952 S C 252. « AIR 1954 SC 171. 7 AIR 1954 S C 92. e A I R 1954 SC 119.
9 AIR 1954 S C 729.
10 A I R 1937 S C 1643.
11 AIR 1970S C 564. »3 AIR 1973 SC 1461.