Social Scientist. v 4, no. 48 (July 1976) p. 17.


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G PARDESI

Foreign Policy of Developing Countries

MUCH OF the Anglo-Saxon thinking on foreign policy analysis since the early forties has been preoccupied with three basic problems: (a) what are the national interests, (b) how to assess them, and (c) what other factors influence the making of foreign policy. Richard Snyder was probably the first to emphasize the importance of domestic variablesl though Rosenau's work2 is better known. Raymond Aron described these factors as geographic, demographic and ideological. Similar ideas can be found in the works ofQuincy Wright and others.8

Anglo-Saxon foreign policy concepts have been formulated within a broad philosophical framework which includes Hume's theory of balance of power,, Bacon, Hobbes and Locke's empiricism and Wilson's idealism.4 Added to this arc Galvinistic ethics, Weberian sociology and an economy tradition based upon a rationalized system of exploitation and domination: a tradition which perceives the world through a prism of power, sclf-righteousncss and money. Foreign policy is defined as a ""social process558, a ^system of human action"", a ^dynamic political process957 an "ideology" and, above all, a system of action to preserve the global political and social status quo. The world is preceived as it exists. Why it so exists,



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