Digital Dictionaries of South Asia
Assamese
Khowar
Pali
Tamil
Baluchi
Konkani
Panjabi
Telugu
Bengali
Lushai
Pashto
Torwali
English
Malayalam
Persian
Urdu
Gujarati
Manipuri
Rajasthani
Comparative
Hindi
Marathi
Sanskrit
Kannada
Nepali
Sindhi
Kashmiri
Oriya
Sinhala

Assamese
University of Gauhati. Candrakanta abhidhana : Asamiyi sabdara butpatti aru udaharanere Asamiya-Ingraji dui bhashara artha thaka abhidhana. 2nd ed. Guwahati, Guwahati Bisbabidyalaya, 1962.
Baluchi
Barker, Muhammad Abd-al-Rahman. A course in Baluchi. Montreal: Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University, 1969.

Collett, N. A. A grammar, phrase book and vocabulary of Baluchi: (as spoken in the Sultanate of Oman). 2nd ed. [Camberley]: [N.A. Collett], 1986.

Dames, Mansel Longworth. A sketch of the northern Balochi language, containing a grammar, vocabulary and specimens of the language. Calcutta: Asiatic Society, 1881.

Dames, Mansel Longworth. A text book of the Balochi language: consisting of miscellaneous stories, legends, poems and Balochi-English vocabulary. Lahore: Printed by the Superintendent, Govt. Print., Punjab, 1922.

Elfenbein, J. H. A vocabulary of Marw Baluchi. Naples: [Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli], 1963. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.

Mumtaz Ahmad. Baluchi glossary: a Baluchi-English glossary: elementary level. Kensington, Md.: Dunwoody Press, 1985.
Bengali
Bhattacarya, Subhasha. Samsada Bangala uccarana abhidhana. 2nd ed. Kalikata : Sahitya Samsad, 2003. The dictionary will be functional on this site by December 2012.

Biswas, Sailendra. Samsada Bangala abhidhana. 7th ed. Calcutta, Sahitya Samsad, 2004.

Biswas, Sailendra. Samsad Bengali-English dictionary. 3rd ed. Calcutta, Sahitya Samsad, 2000.

Dasa, Jnanendramohana. Bangala bhashara abhidhana. Paribarttita o paribardhita 2. samskarana. Kalikata: Indiyan Pablisim Hausa, [bhumika 1937] 2 v. A beta test version of the database is available.
English
Hornby, Albert Sydney. Oxford advanced learner's dictionary of current English. 5th ed. / with a special supplement of Indian English. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1996. Indian English supplement (p. 1429-1475) compiled by Indira Chowdhury Sengupta. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.

Madras (India: Presidency) Manual of the administration of the Madras Presidency in illustration of the records of government & the yearly administration reports. Madras: Printed by E. Keys, at the government press, 1885-1893. This title is being entered by our collegues in Koln, Germany.

Yule, Henry. Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases, and of kindred terms, etymological, historical, geographical and discursive. New ed. edited by William Crooke, B.A. London: J. Murray, 1903.
Gujarati
Sastri, Kesavarama Kasirama. Brhad Gujarati kosa = Comprehensive Gujarati dictionary. Amadavada : Yunivarsiti Granthanirmana Borda, Gujarata Rajya : Vitaraka, Balagovinda Bukaselarsa, 1976-1981. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.
Hindi
Bahri, Hardev. Learners' Hindi-English dictionary = Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi sabdakosa. Delhi: Rajapala, 1989.

Caturvedi, Mahendra. A practical Hindi-English dictionary. Delhi: National Pub.House, 1970.

Dasa, Syamasundara. Hindi sabdasagara. Navina samskarana. 2nd ed. Kasi : Nagari Pracarini Sabha, 1965-1975.

McGregor, R. S. The Oxford Hindi-English dictionary. Oxford [England] ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1993. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.

Nespital, Helmut. Lokabharati Hindi kriya-kosa = Dictionary of Hindi verbs. Allahabad : Lokbharti Prakashan, 1997. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.
Kannada
Kittel, F. Kittel's Kannada-English dictionary. Rev. and enl. by M. Mariappa Bhat. [Madras] University of Madras, 1968-1971. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.
Kashmiri
Hassan, Sheeba. A pronouncing dictionary of Kashmiri language. This title is currently being created under a grant from the South Asia Language Resource Center. The dictionary will be functional on this site by December 2012.

Grierson, George Abraham. A dictionary of the Kashmiri language. Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1932. Perso-Arabic characters are being added to the data file and will be displayed on this site by October 2013.
Khowar
Bashir, Elena with Maula Nigah and Rahmat Karim Baig. A digital dictionary of Khowar: 1,000 words. Chicago : South Asia Language and Area Center, University of Chicago, 2005. A complementary grant from the Consortium for Language Teaching and Learning has supported the addition of audio recordings to this lexical data. We are currently building a searchable database out of this data.
Konkani
Ghanekara, Damodara. Rajahasa Konkanī sacitra astangī abhyasakosa. Granthalaya avrttī. Panaji : Rajahasa Vitarana, 2009. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.

Thali, Mukesa. Rajhauns Konkani-English illustrated dictionary. Panaji : Rajahasa, 1999-2001. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.
Lushai
Lorrain, J. Herbert. Dictionary of the Lushai language. Calcutta : Asiatic Society, 1940. xiv, 576 p. ; 25 cm. (Bibliotheca Indica, 261).
Malayalam
Gundert, Hermann. A Malayalam and English dictionary. Mangalore, London, C. Stolz; Trübner & Co., 1872.

Variyar, Em. Ai. Malayalam-Inglis diksnari. 17th edition. [Kottayam] : Di. Si. Buks, 2005. The dictionary will be functional on this site by November 2012.
Manipuri
Bhaskararao, Peri. A pronouncing dictionary of Manipuri language. This title is currently being created under a grant from the South Asia Language Resource Center. The dictionary will be functional on this site by November 2012.
Marathi
Berntsen, Maxine. A basic Marathi-English dictionary. Philadelphia: South Asia Regional Studies, University of Pennsylvania, 1975.

Date, Yasavanta Ramakrshna. Maharashtra sabdakosa. Pune: Maharashtra Kosamandala, 1932-1950.

Molesworth, J. T. (James Thomas). A dictionary, Marathi and English. 2d ed., rev. and enl. by J. T. Molesworth. Bombay: Printed for Government at the Bombay Education Society's Press, 1857.

Tulpule, Shankar Gopal. A dictionary of old Marathi. Mumbai : Popular Prakashan, 1999.

Vaze, Shridhar Ganesh. The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English. Poona: Arya-Bhushan Press, 1911.
Nepali
Schmidt, Ruth Laila. A practical dictionary of modern Nepali. [S.l.]: Ratna Sagar, 1993. 1994.

Turner, R. L. (Ralph Lilley). A comparative and etymological dictionary of the Nepali language. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1931.
Oriya
Praharaj, G.C. Purnnachandra Ordia bhashakosha. Cuttack : Utkal Sahitya Press, 1931-1940. 7 v.
Pali
Pali Text Society, London. The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary. Chipstead, 1921-1925.
Panjabi
Singh, Maya. The Panjabi dictionary. Lahore, Munshi Gulab Singh & Sons, 1895.
Pashto
Heston, Wilma L. A digital dictionary of Pashto: 1,000 words from a core vocabulary. Chicago : Digital South Asia Library, University of Chicago, 2005. A complementary grant from the Consortium for Language Teaching and Learning has supported the addition of audio recordings to this lexical data. We are currently building a searchable database out of this data.

Raverty, H. G. (Henry George). A dictionary of the Puk'hto, Pus'hto, or language of the Afghans: with remarks on the originality of the language, and its affinity to other oriental tongues. Second edition, with considerable additions. London: Williams and Norgate, 1867.
Persian
Hayyim, Sulayman. New Persian-English dictionary, complete and modern, designed to give the English meanings of over 50,000 words, terms, idioms, and proverbs in the Persian language, as well as the transliteration of the words in English characters. Together with a sufficient treatment of all the grammatical features of the Persian Language. [Teheran, Librairie-imprimerie Beroukhim] 1934-1936.

Steingass, Francis Joseph. A comprehensive Persian-English dictionary, including the Arabic words and phrases to be met with in Persian literature. London: Routledge & K. Paul, 1892.
Rajasthani
Macalister, George. A dictionary of the dialects spoken in the state of Jeypore. 1st ed. Allahabad, Printed at the Allahabad Mission Press, 1898.
Sanskrit
Apte, Vaman Shivaram. Revised and enlarged edition of Prin. V. S. Apte's The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary. Poona: Prasad Prakashan, 1957-1959.

Cappeller, Carl. A Sanskrit-English dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg lexicons. London: [Berlin printed] Luzac & Co.; [etc., etc.] 1891. "Differs from its German original (Sanskrit-wörterbuch, Strassburg, 1887) not only in that it covers a much wider range of texts but also in some minor particulars of its plan and arrangement."--Pref. The data for this title is being converted to an encoding system that can be used for Web presentation.

Macdonell, Arthur Anthony. A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout. London: Oxford University Press, 1929. "The original edition of this dictionary was published by Messrs. Longmans, Green & Co., and has been reproduced photographically with their consent."

Monier-Williams, Monier. A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philogically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages. New ed., greatly enl. and improved with the collaboration of E. Leumann, C. Cappeller and other scholars. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1899. The data for this title is being converted to an encoding system that can be used for Web presentation.
Sindhi
Parmanand Mewaram. A Sindhi-English dictionary. Hyderabad, Sind : The Sind Juvenile Co-operative Society, 1910.
Sinhala
Carter, Charles. A Sinhalese-English dictionary. Colombo : The "Ceylon Observer" Printing Works ; London : Probsthain & Co., 1924.

Jayatilaka, D. B. A dictionary of the Sinhalese language. Colombo, The Royal Asiatic society, Ceylon branch, 1935- License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.
Tamil
Fabricius, Johann Philipp. J. P. Fabricius's Tamil and English dictionary. 4th ed., rev.and enl. Tranquebar: Evangelical Lutheran Mission Pub. House, 1972.

Kadirvelu Pillai, Na. Tamil Moli Akarathi. N. Kathiraiver Pillai's Tamil Moli Akarathi: Tamil-Tamil dictionary = Na. Kathiraiver Pillayin Tamil Moliyakarati: Tamil-Tamil akarathi. 6th ed., rev. and enl. Cennai: Pi. Ve. Namacivaya Mutaliyar.

McAlpin, David W. A core vocabulary for Tamil. Rev. ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Dept. of South Asia Regional Studies, University of Pennsylvania, 1981.

Subramanian, Pavoorchatram Rajagopal. Kriyavin tarkalat Tamil akarati : Tamil-Tamil-Ankilam. 1st ed. Madras: Kriya, 1992. We are currently building a searchable database out of this data. The dictionary will be functional on this site by December 2012.

Tarkalat Tamil maraputtotar akarati : Tamil-Tamil-Ankilam. 1st ed. Chennai : Moli, 1997. We are currently building a searchable database out of this data. The dictionary will be functional on this site by December 2012.

University of Madras. Tamil lexicon. [Madras]: University of Madras, 1936-

Winslow, Miron. A comprehensive Tamil and English dictionary of high and low Tamil. Madras: P.R. Hunt, 1862.
Telugu
Bhaskararao, Peri. A web-based multimedia pedagogical dictionary of Telugu. This title is currently being created under a grant from the South Asia Language Resource Center. The dictionary will be functional on this site by November 2012.

Brown, Charles Philip. A dictionary, Telugu and English. Madras : Printed at the Christian Knowledge Society's Press, 1852. This title is currently being converted to electronic format. The dictionary will be functional on this site by December 2012.

Brown, Charles Philip. A Telugu-English dictionary. New ed., thoroughly rev. and brought up to date ... 2nd ed. Madras: Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1903.

Gwynn, J. P. L. (John Peter Lucius). A Telugu-English dictionary. Delhi; New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Ramayya Pantulu, Jayanti. Sri Suryarayandhra nighantuvu. Haidarabadu : Andhraprades Sahitya Akadami, 1979-1982. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.

Srihari, R. Srihari nighantuvu. Hyderabad : Sri Gopal Publications, 2004. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.
Torwali
Inam Ullah. A digital dictionary of Torwali. A complementary grant from the Consortium for Language Teaching and Learning has supported the addition of audio recordings to this lexical data. We are currently building a searchable database out of this data.
Urdu
Fallon, S. W. A new Hindustani-English dictionary, with illustrations from Hindustani literature and folk-lore. Banaras, London, Printed at the Medical Hall Press; Trubner and Co., 1879.

Mujtahidi, Ya'qub Miran. Urdu-Angrezi lughat-i Mujtahidi = Mujtahedi's Urdu-English dictionary. Hyderabad: Dictionary House, 2007. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.

Nayyar Kakorvi, Nurulhasan. Nurullughat. Lakhnau: Nayyar Pres Pamanalah, 1924-1931. This title is currently being converted to electronic format. The dictionary will be functional on this site by March 2013.

Platts, John T. (John Thompson). A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English. London: W.H. Allen & Co., 1884.

Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad. Kitabistan's 20th century standard dictionary. Lahore : Kitabistan Pub. Co., 1971. This title is currently being converted to electronic format. The dictionary will be functional on this site by November 2012.

Shakespear, John. A dictionary, Hindustani and English: with a copious index, fitting the work to serve, also, as a dictionary of English and Hindustani. 3rd ed., much enl. London: Printed for the author by J.L. Cox and Son: Sold by Parbury, Allen, & Co., 1834.

Siddiqi, Abullais. Urdu lughat : tarikhi usul par. Karaci : Taraqqi-yi Urdu Bord, 1977-2010. License agreements for Web use need to be negotiated.
Comparative
Burrow, T. (Thomas) and Emeneau, M. B. (Murray Barnson). A Dravidian etymological dictionary. 2nd ed. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Turner, R. L. (Ralph Lilley). A comparative dictionary of Indo-Aryan languages. London: Oxford University Press, 1962-1966. Includes three supplements, published 1969-1985.

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