Digital South Asia Library

Naim, C.M.. Introductory Urdu (Volume One) [Chicago]: South Asia Language & Area Center, University of Chicago 1999.
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Cover p. Cover
Title page p. title page
Important notice p. ii
Preface p. iii
Table of contents p. 1
Phonology p. 3
Script introduction p. 15
Script 1: be series, alif, va'o, bari ye, chhoti ye p. 17
Script 2: combining letters into syllables p. 20
Script 3: dal series (except zal), re series, chhoti he, nun-e ghunnah p. 24
Script 4: jim series, kaf, gaf, lam, mim p. 29
Script 5: sin, shin, fe, qaf, ghain, do-chashmi he p. 32
Script 6: short vowels, hamzah p. 36
Script 7: duplicate sound letters: se, bari he, zal, svad, zvad, to'e, zo'e, 'ain p. 41
Script 8: full alphabet, diacritics, spelling conventions, numbers, dates, the Arabic al, tanvin, izafat p. 44
Grammar p. 55
Noun grammar p. 58
Vala p. 62
Pronouns p. 63
Adjectives p. 66
Numbers p. 69
Demonstrative pronouns p. 71
Possessive pronouns p. 72
Apna p. 73
Ka/ke/ki & pronominal adjectives p. 74
Interrogative pronominal adjectives p. 75
Relative pronouns p. 80
Ko'i and kuchh p. 85
Sa/se/si p. 87
Comparatives & superlatives p. 90
Verbs p. 92
Subjunctives & futures p. 93
Imperatives p. 94
Kar p. 96
Imperfect & present participles p. 97
Hona as auxiliary p. 99
Contrafactuals p. 104
Presumptives p. 107
Perfect & past participles p. 108
Ne & non-ne verbs p. 110
Adverbial & unrestrictive participles p. 112
Ne verbs (continued) p. 120
Compound verbs p. 132
Chukna p. 136
Sakna p. 137
Pana p. 138
Lagna & dena p. 139
Rahna & jana p. 141
Irregular forms of karna p. 142
Passives p. 143
Chahna p. 145
Chahiye p. 147
Possession p. 150
Verbal agreement p. 151
Direct discourse p. 153
Adverbs p. 154
Postpositions p. 157
Particles p. 160
Kih p. 163
Aur & rhetorical questions p. 167
Word order p. 168
Conditional sentences p. 169
Relative clauses p. 172
Parna p. 173
Index to the grammar p. 191
Grammar exercises p. 195
Glossary for grammar exercises p. 230
Serial glossaries: Unit I p. 245
Unit II p. 248
Unit III p. 250
Unit IV p. 252
Unit V p. 253
Unit VI p. 256
Unit VII p. 258
Unit VIII p. 261
Unit IX p. 264
Unit X p. 267
Unit XI p. 269
Unit XII p. 274
Unit XIII p. 278
Unit XIV p. 282
Unit XV p. 286
Unit XVI p. 291
Unit XVII p. 295
Unit XVIII p. 300
Unit XIX p. 305
Unit XX p. 307
Unit XXI p. 311
Unit XXII p. 314
Unit XXIII p. 318
Unit XXIV p. 321
Unit XXV p. 325
Unit XXVI p. 330
Unit XXVII p. 333
Unit XXVIII p. 335
Unit XXIX p. 339
Unit XXX p. 343

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