x] PUBLIC HEALTH AND VITAL STATISTICS 535
General Populatien.-(a) The record of the Vital Statistics on a uniform
system commenced in 1864 with (I) the Annual Reports of the Presidency
Sanitary Commissions (1864-8): these led to (2) the subsequent Annual
Reports of the Sanitary Commissioner with the Government of India and
(3) of the Provincial Sanitary Commissioners. The foregoing are sum-
marized in the Reports (4) presented to Parliament on Sanitary Measures in
India (t868 to date), and are completed by (5) the General and Provincial
Census Reports, 1872, I88I, 1891, and g9oL.
(b) Medical and charitable relief-the annual Provincial Reports (6) on
Vaccination, from 1861-9 to date, the year of commencement varying
in different Provinces; (7) on Hospitals and Dispensaries, from 1852-76 to
date; (8) the several Famine Reports, notably those of the Commissions of
188o and 9go0.
(c) The Special Reports on Epidemic Disease in India are very numerous,
and only the main sources will be cited as they contain the necessary
references. For cholera, (9' the Reports of the Presidency Boards on the
great epidemic of 1817, and that of the Commission of I86i; (io) the
Statistical Record of Cholera in Bengal from rSI7 to 1872, by Bryden
(1874); the Sanitary Reports (2) and (3) supra bring the record up to the
present date, the volumes of (2) for 1878 and 1894 being specially valuable.
For epidemic malarial fever, in Bengal and Assam, see early volumes of
(3) for Bengal, and (11) the Reports of Elliott (1863); Giles (189o);
Rogers (i897); Ross (1899).
For Plague, (12) Report of Indian Commission of 1898-9 (I9o0).
Army.-(13) Report of the Royal Commission on the Sanitary Condition
of the Army in India (1863); (14) Bryden's Statistical Tables (Bengal)
from 1858 to 1870-the Sanitary Reports (2) bring the record tup to date;
(i5) Army Medical Department Reports, i859 to date.
Prisoners.-See (14) and (2); (r6) the Annual Reports of the Inspectors-
General of Jails from i85o-66 to date; (17) Reports of the Jail Committees
of 1838, 1864, 1877, and 1889.
NOTE.-Nos. (2) and (3) and many of the official reports quoted may
be obtained in London from Messrs. Arnold, Constable, Sampson Low,
and other publishers; in Berlin, from Messrs. Friedlhinder; in Paris, from