INDE X 537
Army of India, vital statistics of, 525- B.
53o. See Specific Fevers, Enteric,
Cholera, Phthisis. Backergunge, cyclone of 1876, 135.
Aryan Languages, their passage from Bagdi, Jeliya, Namasfidra or Chandgl,
synthesis to analysis, 351; supersede Pod, Rajbansi-Koch, castes of sixth
indigenous forms of speech, 35I; a class in Bengal, 328.
branch of Indo-European family, 362, Baidvas, physician caste of second class
its original home probably in Steppe in Bengal, 327; their doubtful preten-
country of S. Russia, 352, its division sions, 327.
into centurn-speakers, who travelled Baishtam, Sunri, Subarnabanik, castes of
westwards, and satemr-speakers of the fifth class in Bengal, 328.
eastward, to which Aryan and other Baluchistan; physical aspects of, southern,
groups belong, 352; migration of 6, 7, northern, 8, 9; geology of, 7;,
Aryans by Jaxartes and Oxus to Kho- 88, 9o, , 92, 93, Io; meteorology of,
kand and EadakshLn, 353, their division Ii3, 132; outside sphere of monsoon
into Indo-Aryans, marching south over currents, 122; storms the main source
the Hindu Kush by Kabul to India, of rain, 140; its annual rainfall, 145;
and Eranians (Iranians) towards Merv, botany of British Baluchistan, 209;
Persia, Baluchistan, and Afghanistan, ethnology of, 293; ethnography of
353; their present area in India, 351. the Baloch tribe, 310; absence of caste
Aryan, the race, its possible existence, system, 329, 330; intermarriage
physical characteristics and original customs, 330; its principal language,
habitat, 299, 352. Baloch, an Iranian tongue, 353; its
Aryan (geo!ogical) era, the, 6S-io3. dialects. distribution, anti the number
Aryo-Dravidian or Hindustani Type or of its speakers, 353. 354; Biahui,
Race, the, 294; its distribution, phy- a Dravidian language, spoken in the
sical and social characteristics, 294; central highlands, 38 .
Dr. -Hoernle's theory, 303, 304, sup- Bamboos, 60o; number of species, I62;
ported by Dr. Grierson's Linguistic in Sikkim, 167; in Western Himalayan
Survey, 303, 304, as due to a later Region, 172; in Indus Plain, r77; in
swarm of Aryans unaccompanied by Bengal proper, r8I; in upper Gangetic
women, 303, 304. plain, i8 ; none in Sundarbans, 184;
Asoka (269-232 B.c.), king of the in Malabar Region, 187; of Nilgiri
Mauryan dynasty, and patron of Buddh- Sholas, 88S; in the Deccan, 192; in
ism, 41 ; transformed it from a local Ceylon, 195 ; in Burma, 199, 200, 201;
cult to a woild-wide religion, 421. in the Andamans, 204; in Malayan
Assam, valley of, 27, compared with Peninsula, 206, 207.
Bengal and Burma, 27, i:s narrowed Barwaik sept of Rajputs in Chanda, their
vista and area of cultiva ion, 27, its humble extraction, 320, 321.
tea-gardens, 27, its clearings, 2,, its Batrachians, 272-274.
better climate, 27, its enormous wastes, Bears, four species of, their distribution,
27, the jungles of the Duars of Bhutan haunts, and habits, 223, 224.
Himalayas, 27; obstacles to railway Bee-eaters (birds), 248.
connexion with Burma, 20o; Assam Beast hospitals, 414.
and NE. Himilayas geologically Beast stories, 221.
later than NW. Himalayas, 2; largest Benares, the head-quarters of Brahman
rainfall in Assam hills, 104; earth- orthodoxy, 42Z; the lingamn of Siva
quake of i897, 98; meteorology the chief object of worship at, 421.
of: hailstorms, ii,, rainfall of hot Bengal, rainfall in hot season, I1S; date
weather, 11S, 14, 122, 123, I3O, 136, ot wet monsoon, 124; castes of, 294,
140, I42; botany of, see Gangetic 326-329; populationanddensityinPro-
Plain; zoology of, 214; ethnology of, vince of Bengal, 452 ; growth of popu-
295; the language of the upper and lation in different parts, 462; favourable
middle Assam valley, Assamese. with andunfavourable conditions, 463; birth-
an important literature, 378, of North, rate, 50o6; death-rate, 512; infantile
Eastern and Central AEsam, and the mortality, 5j7.
lower valley, 387; population and Bengali, the language of the territories
density in, 45r,452; growth of popula- subject to the Lieutenant-Governor of
tion in, 462; favoured by immigration of Bengal and the Bengali Districts of
tea-coolies, 462 ; checked by kala azar, Assam, 376; the literary and official,with
462; birth-rate, 506; death-rate, 5I2. a highly Sanskritized vocabulary and
Aurangzeb, his bigotry and persecution archaic grammar, manufactured at the
of Hindus, 434. beginning of last century, unintelligible
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