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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. iii.


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PREFACE
THE present volume differs from the three other volumes
of' The Indian Empire,' in that for the most part it has
been planned and written in England, and therefore does
not bear the same official sanction of the Government
of India.
When dealing with so vast a subject as the history of
India, it has been held necessary to divide it into chapters
which relate not so much to separate periods of time as to
the separate sources from which the materials are derived,
and to entrust these chapters to different authors with
special qualifications. Such important branches of histo-
rical investigation as epigraphy, numismatics, archaeology,
and architecture are thus introduced into their proper place
as preliminary to the chapters based upon written records,
while the available evidence from both Sanskrit and ver-
nacular literature has likewise been included. It must,
however, be admitted that this method of treating the
subject possesses certain inherent disadvantages. The
matter of the several chapters cannot be marked off by
rigid lines. For example, inscriptions comprise those on
coins, and the origin of both building and sculpture is to
be sought in prehistoric times. So again when the days
of history proper have been reached. Periods that may
conveniently be distinguished overlap one another in fact,
while Northern and Southern India can hardly be brought
within the same focus. It must also be borne in mind that
large portions of the early history of India are still the
field of conjecture and controversy, where scholars of equal
eminence hold divergent views. Consequently, there may
be found in the present volume some lack of logic in



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