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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. 101.


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CHAPTER III
ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE HISTORICAL PERIOD
THE subjects of Architecture, Numismatics, and Epigraphy, Scope of
being treated separately elsewhere, are excluded from considera- the
tion in this chapter, which will be chiefly devoted to an outline chpte.
of the history of sculpture and painting in India. The minor
decorative arts will also be noticed briefly. Inasmuch as a
line, more or less arbitrary, must be drawn somewhere, the
termination of the reign of Aurangzeb, the last Great Mogul, in
A.D. I707, has been chosen as the boundary between the old
and the new. The existence of the buildings referred to
is assumed, and attention is confined to the subsidiary arts
employed in their decoration. The limitations of space forbid
any attempt at detailed description, and readers who desire to
study the subject in detail are referred to the numerous
descriptive works indicated in the note on authorities at the
end of the chapter. For the same reason, want of space, it is
impossible to discuss the history and prospects of archaeo-
logical inquiry in India, or to explain the measures taken by
the Government of India, especially during the Viceroyalty of
Lord Curzon, for the survey, conservation, and partial restora-
tion of ancient monuments'.
The historical age begins in Northern India about 600 B.C., Transition
and in Southern India at a much later date, which can hardly from pre-
historic
be defined with precision. If it is permissible to judge by the times.
known state of Indian civilization in 500 B.C. and the help of
European analogies, some of the neolithic remains briefly
noticed in the preceding pages may be assumed to go back as
far as 2000 B.C. In the present state of knowledge it is im-
possible to trace the connexion between the relics of prehistoric
A 'Short History of the Archaeological Department' is appended to
the Annual Progress Report of the ArchaeologTcal Survey Circle, A'orth-
Western Provinces and Oudh, for the year ending March 31, iwoo, printed
at the Government Press, Allahtbad. Lord Curzon's address to the Asiatic
Society of Bengal, on Feb. 6, Igo, is reprinted as Appendix H in the
same volume.



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