Previous Page [Digital South Asia Library] Next Page

Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. 364.


Graphics file for this page
364 THE INDIAN EMPIRE [CHAP.
Ghiyas- During the sixty-eight years (I320-88) covered by the
ud-din first three kings of the Tughlaq house, the kingdom was in
Tughlaq,
I320-5. a flourishing condition. GhiyAs-ud-din (1320-5) was an
excellent ruler; he also continued the scheme of conquest to
the south, at first without success, but in the end both Bidar
and Warangal (renamed Sultunpur) were reduced. Bengal
submitted to the king in person. On his return to Upper
India, his eldest son met him some miles from Delhi, and, as
has happened before and since, in some mysterious way the
roof of the pavilion erected in his honour fell and crushed
Muham- him. The son, Muhammad, succeeded (I325-5i). He
mad, was a most accomplished man, well versed in letters, eloquent,
son of
Tughlaq, liberal of disposition, gallant, moral, and devout. But as
1325-5I. a ruler his judgement was so unbalanced that his condition
approached mental derangement, and in his actions he was
most unjust and oppressive. He increased the taxes, tried to
transfer the capital with its population from Delhi to Deogiri,
introduced a token currency, and indulged in lavish expenditure
as a preparation to the conquest of Khurasan and part of
China. Yet he saw himself forced to buy offa Mongol invasion,
and for many years was troubled with revolts, all of which,
however, he succeeded in suppressing. He died on March
20, I35I, upon the bank of the Indus, I4 miles from Tatta,
where he had gone to punish the Sumra ruler for sheltering
a refugee.
FlrozShah, Firoz Shah (born in I309), brother's son to Ghiyas-ud-din
1351-88. Tughlaq, was placed on the throne on March 22, I351; and
the reign commenced with a difficult retreat from Tatta to Delhi.
After the throne had been secured, Firoz Shah devoted himself
to recovering Bengal, which had once more repudiated the
authority of Delhi; and he was successful in two expeditions
to that country. On his return, as soon as he had reached
Jaunpur (which he had founded on his march eastwards), he
moved off through Bihar to Jajnagar in Orissa. After re-
ducing that place, he returned to Delhi, only to set out again
on an expedition against Nagarkot (Kangra). Four years
afterwards he made a campaign against Tatta with doubtful
success, and was forced to retire on Gujarat, suffering greatly
in crossing the Rann of Cutch. After recovering from these
hardships, the army was led once more against Tatta, the ruler
of which now surrendered, and peace was made. Firoz Shah
is worthy of remembrance as the maker of the canal from the
Jumna to the dry country west of Delhi, on which he founded
the town known as Hisar Firozah. He also built a great



Previous Page To Table of Contents Next Page

Back to Imperial Gazetteer of India | Back to the DSAL Page

This page was last generated on Monday 18 February 2013 at 16:20 by dsal@uchicago.edu
The URL of this page is: http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/text.html