432 THE INDIAN EŁAfPIRE [CHAP.
Sivaji, over whom he exercised great influence. His principal
work was the Disbodh, dealing with religious duties. Sridhar,
already mentioned under the head of Krishna-worship, wrote
a number of poems based on the Sanskrit epics and Puranas.
Moropant has also been dealt with. Mahipati (I715-90)
was an imitator of Tukaram, but his chief importance rests on
the fact that he collected the popular traditions about national
saints. His various works, such as the Bhakta-vi'aya, the
Bhakta-fiadmrita, the Santa-vi'aya, and the Santa-ilZsmrita, are
commonly described as the Acta Sanclorumr of the Marathas.
LZva.zis, or erotic lyrics, especially those of Anantaphandli (I 744-
I8I9) and RamjosI (1762-18I2), are very popular, but often
more fervent than decent. Another branch of Marathi litera:
ture is composed of the Pawiizidds or war-ballads, mostly by
nameless poets, which are sung everywhere through the country.
There is a small prose literature. It embraces narratives of
historical events (the so-called Bakhars), moral maxims, such
as the Vidur-niZi, and popular tales.
Bihbri Bihari literature is small, and, with the exception of the
literature, songs of Vidyapati (see p. 424), unimportant. All the works
which have come down to us are in the Maithil! dialect.
Lyrics in the style of Vidyapati are popular, and there are
more than a dozen of his imitators. Manbodh Jha (d. I788)
wrote a Haribans, or poetical life of Krishna, of which ten
cantos have survived. The dramatic art is still cultivated.
The body of a play is written in Sanskrit and Prakrit, but the
songs are in Maithili.
Oriya The earliest Oriya works are lyrical verses dealing with
literature. episodes in the life of Krishna. In the first part of the
sixteenth century Jagannatha Dasa wrote a version of the
Bdhgavata, Balarima one of the RdmJy,a.za, Sara!i Dasa
a Bhkrata, and Achyutananda a Harivahgsa. None of these
is of much merit. They were followed by Dina-krishna Dasa
(who lived about three hundred years ago), mentioned on
p. 424 as the author of the graceful, but wanton, Rasa-kallla;
and shortly after him came Upendra Bhanja of Goomsur in
Ganjam, whose fame rests upon two romantic poems entitled
respectively, after the names of their heroines, LivanyavatZ
and Kioibrahmn.izda-sundari, and on a Vaidihi-vildsa. They
are spoilt by the excessive employment of a Sanskritized
Bengali Most of the great Bengali works have been described under
literature. the head of Krishna- or Siva-worship. We may also mention
the Bengali version of the Afiahibharala by KaSi-ram Das (fif-