Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. 445.
XII] THE MARATHXAS 445
and many a Sardar and JagirdAr boasts a title that is famous
in Maratha history. Farther south, the principality of Tanjore,
founded by a younger brother of SivajI, was extinguished in
I799; but the petty Madras State of Sandfir still belongs to
a descendant of the Ghorpade family, whose ancestor first
acquired it in the service of the Bijapur Sultans.
At the Census of I9oI the speakers of Marathi in all India
numbered nearly i8¼ millions, of whom no less than I31
millions, or 73 per cent. of the total, were enumerated in
British territory, and nearly 3 millions, or i6 per cent. more,
in the Muhammadan State of HyderAbad.
J. Grant Duff.-History of the Mahrattas, 3 vols. (1826).
Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency. Vol. i, pt. ii, 'History of the
Konkan, Dakhan, and Southern Maratha Country ' Bombay, 1896).
G. W. Forrest.-Selections fo-o;n the State Pap crs preserved in the
B'ombay Secretariat. Marlathb Series (Bombay, i885).
M. G. Ranade.-Rise ofthe 1Maratha Power (Bombay, Igoo).
Sir T. E. Colebrooke.-Life of Mountstzuart Elphinstone. 2 vols. (1884.
T. D. Broughton.-Letters written in a MIahratta Canp duringthe Sear
H. G. Keene.-Mddhava Rao Sindhia (Oxford, 1891).