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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 3, p. 422.


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422 THE IlDIANV ERMPIRE [CRAIP.
munication to the payee, which is carried and delivered free
to the latter; the payment of money orders by postmen at the
residences of the payees, introduced in I884; the introduction,
also in i884, of the telegraphic money-order system; and the
use of finger impressions for the identification of illiterate
payees. The rates of commission on ordinary money orders
now stand as follows:-On sums up -to Rs. I5, i anna on
each Rs. 5 or fraction thereof; and on sums between Rs. IS
and Rs. 25, 4 annas. Sums exceeding Rs. 25 are similarly
charged-thus a money order for Rs. 40 (25+ 15) would pay
7 annas. For telegraphic money orders the scale of charges
begins with 2 annas for any sum not exceeding Rs. io, and
progresses in the same way as ordinary money-order rates up
to Rs. 150. For any sum exceeding Rs. I50 up to Rs. 6o00,
which is the limit for both ordinary and telegraphic money
orders, the charge is R. I-8 for a complete sum of Rs. I50,
plus 2 annas for each additional sum of Rs. io. In addition
to the ordinary fee, a rupee is charged for the cost of the
telegram in the case of Urgent orders, and 8 annas in the
case of Deferred orders, and credited to the Telegraph
department.
On the money-order system proper have been grafted
measures, adapted to the individual requirements of each case,
for the remittance of rent to landowners and of Government
dues such as land revenue, cesses, and income-tax. These
systems have a special value in protecting the people from
illegal exactions. The landowner is saved from improper
demands made by subordinate revenue officials, and the tenant
is protected against the landlord or his agents.
Statistics The following table shows the inland money-order transac-
of inland tions of the Indian Post Office for the years I88o-I, I89o-I,
money-
order busi- 900oo-I, and I903-4 :-
ness.
~Total ~ Commission
number of Toalvalueby the Post
YEAR. money (in lakhs of bythePost
orders Orupe fice
issued. rupees). (in lakhs of
rupees).
. S.o880-I . I,604,174 4,57 5
I890-I 7,326,o65 15,78 I9
1900-I . . . . 12,922,465 26,27 33
1903-4 . 6,470,115 29,44 34



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