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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 3, p. 424.


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424 THE INDIAN E °MPIR-E [CHAP.
of which the Indian equivalents are ˝ anna, I anna, and
21- annas.
Embossed One of the gravest difficulties with which the Indian Post
envelopes Office has had to contend is the habit of using, for postal
cards. missives in the vernacular, the flimsiest of paper folded into
the minutest compass. The address often contains much
superfluous matter, and is spread over the entire available space
on both sides of the cover; and the difficulties thus caused are
further aggravated by the post-marks which, for want of space,
have to be impressed on the address. A partial remedy has
been found by the Post Office in the provision of envelopes
bearing ˝ anna and I anna embossed postage stamps, which
are sold at the face value of the stamps they bear. This
measure was introduced in I873 and at once became ex-
tremely popular. The practical effect was to reduce the
postage by the cost of the envelopes, but the object in view
and the results attained fully justified this liberality. Stamped
newspaper wrappers are also provided.
The introduction, in July, I879, of the 1 anna inland
postcard gave a lower rate of postage than had before been
available, and these cards, like the embossed envelopes, are
sold for their face value. In April, i88o, service postcards, for
the use of Government officials, were also provided. Reply
postcards were introduced in 1884. It is a noteworthy fact
that the introduction of the postcard, which is now much the
most popular medium of private correspondence in India,
aroused considerable opposition in the public press, mainly on
the ground that it would interfere with the secrecy of postal
communication.
Postal The operations of the Imperial Post Office extend to all the
aagel- Native States of India which never had postal systems of their
ments in
Native own, and to a large number of States, including Kashmir,
States. Baroda. and Mvsore, which have given up their separate sys-
tems. At the end of the year 1903-4 only twenty-two Native
States still maintained independent postal arrangements; and
with five of these (Patiala, NaTbha, Jind, Chamba, and Gwalior),
special conventions have been made under which these States
use the stamps of the Indian Post Office over-printed with
their own arms or name, and each party to the conventions
recognizes the stamps of the other parties for all purposes of
the inland post. The postal arrangements in the remaining
seventeen States, which have systems of their own, were in
most cases made primarily for the purposes of State official
correspondence and have been more or less extended so as to



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