Vill] POSTS AN )D TELEGRAPHS 443
Press telegrams enjoy the privilege of dispatch at a far lower Press and
rate than is allowed for ordinary private messages. Thus the ment
charge for an inland press Deferred message is about one- telegrams.
sixth of that usually levied, and for a foreign press message
about one-third. Government telegrams, on the other hand,
are charged at the same rate as ordinary private messages.
Telegrams tendered at offices of the Telegraph depart- Telegraph
ment are stamped to the requisite amount with special telegraph stamps.
stamps; those tendered at combined post and telegraph offices
may be prepaid in either telegraph or postage stamps. Certain
post offices which are not telegraph offices are empowered to
receive telegrams from the public and to grant receipts for
them. Such telegrams are transmitted by post to the nearest
telegraph office for dispatch.
The table in the Appendix (p. 445) shows the growth of Growth
the operations of the Indian Telegraph department between of tele-
I86o-I and I903-4. In the first-mentioned year about II,ooo trans-
miles of telegraph line were open, with I45 telegraph offices. actions.
In i903-4 there were nearly 60.00ooo miles of line, with 2,127
offices, which dealt with more than 7, 250o,0ooo messages, of which
nearly 6,5oo,ooo were for the public. The net revenue earned
by the department showed a profit in that year of 3'7 per cent.
on its capital outlay. But taking into account home charges,
including those of the Indo-European Telegraph department,
which is referred to later on, and which is entirely distinct from
the Indian Telegraph department in respect of administration,
the net result in I903-4 was (approximately) a loss of 9 lakhs
to Government in respect of Telegraphs.
In I8SI and I882 the Government of India granted to the Telephone
Oriental Telephone Company licences to establish telephone exchanges
exchanges at Bombay, Madras, Calcutta, Karchi, and Rangoon. private
At the same time permission was given to the company to lines.
erect private lines, each under a separate licence, in the
localities covered by the exchange licences. But the Govern-
ment of India expressly reserved full power to erect exchanges
itself, for its own purposes anywhere, and for the public in any
place for which no licence had been granted to a private com-
pany. It also reserved the power to grant licences to more than
one company. The Oriental Telephone Company has trans-
ferred its licences for Calcutta, Bombav, and Karachi to local
companies, and licences have been subsequently granted for
exchanges at Mioulmein and Ahmadabad.
The Telegraph department supplies telephone exchanges
and private telephone lines for the use of the various depart-