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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 4, p. 46.

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The major THE following statement ranges the eight Provinces of India
Provinces. in order of size and shows their area and population, excluding
the dependent Native States:-
Thousands of Millions of
square miles, inhabitants.
Burma .170 9
Bengal . . 151 75
Madras .42 38
Bombay . . . 23 19
United Provinces . . i07 48
Central Provinces (including Berar) 104 13
Punjab .97 20
Assam . . 49 6
Burma is about the size of Sweden, with nearly twice its
population, and contains great tracts of forest and jungle.
The territories administered by the Lieutenant-Governor of
Bengal, though smaller in extent than Burma, contain more
than eight times the number of inhabitants and form the most
onerous of the Provincial charges. This Province nearly
doubles the population of France, though only three-quarters
of its size. The United Provinces of Agra and Oudh are
almost as densely populated as Bengal, and contain more
people than Austria-Hungary in an area less than that of
Austria alone. The population of Madras and the area of
Bombay approximate to the population and area of the United
Regula- In the last chapter it was explained that the legislative
tion and distinction between regulation and non-regulation Provinces
regulation has become obsolete. The administrative systems still differ,
Provinces, however, in several particulars; and it will be convenient in
the first place to describe the government of the regulation
Provinces, and afterwards to explain the special features of the
administration of the more recently acquired territories. Madras,
1 In 1905, Assam, with a large portion of Bengal, was constituted a new
Lieutenant-Governorship, under the style of' Eastern Bengal and Assam.'

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