POLICE ,-1AD JAILS
reduction to a lower class, withdrawal of indulgences, transfer
to a punishment-gang or ward, with extra hard labour and
penal diet (and, in the case of females, with liability to have
their hair cropped and to wear a refractory dress), solitary con-
finement, and corporal punishment (in the case of males only).
Ordinary male convicts sentenced to transportation for life are
released, if they have behaved well, after twenty years' imprison-
ment, and persons convicted of dacoity and other organized
crime after twenty-five; but in both cases it is generally
essential that fifteen years of the period should be passed in
the settlement. Thags and professional poisoners are never
released. Well-behaved female convicts are released after
fifteen years, and in the case of local marriage husband and
wife are liberated at the same time. The release is sometimes
absolute and sometimes, especially in the case of dacoits,
subject to conditions, e.g. in regard to residence. In some
cases the released convicts prefer to remain in the settlement
as free persons: they then earn a livelihood by agriculture, as
shopkeepers, and in other ways. The settlement is administered
by a Superintendent, aided by a staff of European assistants
and native subordinates.
Sleeman's Report on the Depredations of the Thags (1840).
Report of the Madras Torture Commission, ISr,.
Report of the Indian Police Commission of ISG6.
Report of the Police Commission of 1902-3.
Report of the Prisons Commission of 8S38.
Report of the Prisons Commission of 1864.
Report of the Prisons Commission of 1876-7.
Report of the Prisons Committee of 1889.
Also the annual Administration Reports on Police and Jails in the
several Provinces, and the Annual Reviewq of Jail Operations by the
Government of India (published in the a:Lc:,' ' [Iludia).