ABBOTTABAD TO WY
The income during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 14,900,
and the expenditure Rs. 14,000. In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 22,300,
chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. i8, oo. The
receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years
ending I902-3 averaged Rs. 7,300. The chief public institutions are
the Albert Victor unaided Anglo-vernacular high school, a municipal
Anglo-vernacular high school, and a Government dispensary.
Ab-i.Istada.-A lake in the Taraki Ghilzai country, Afghanistan,
lying between 32° 30' N. and 67° 50' E., about 65 miles south-south-
west of Ghazni, and about 70 miles north-east of Kalat-i-Ghilzai. Its
length and breadth are I7 and 15 miles respectively; it is very shallow,
its extreme depth in the centre being only 12 feet. It is bounded by
a shelving margin of naked clay; not a tree is in sight, nor a blade
of grass. The water is salt and bitter, and the banks are encrusted
with salt. Its principal feeder is the Ghazni river. Major Broadfoot
relates that the fish brought down by the Ghazni river from its upper
parts, on reaching the salt portion, sicken: and die; and Outram
mentions that the point where the Ghazni river enters the lake is
marked by thousands of dead fish. The surrounding country is very
barren and dreary, and has scarcely any permanent inhabitants, though
it is a favourite grazing-ground of the Ghilzai tribes during the summer
months. No water runs out of the lake, but its waters percolate
underground in streams which unite to form the Arghastan Lora.
Abiramam.-Town in the Ramnad estate, Madura District, Madras,
situated in 9° 29' N. and 780 27' E. Population (1901), 7,338, of whom
nearly half consist of the Musalman trading community of Labbais.
The chief industry is cotton-weaving, and there is a considerable trade
in grain, cotton, and cloth. The town possesses a good supply of
drinking-water and a fine irrigation tank. A local superstition declares
that within an area of two miles snake-bite is innocuous.
Abohar.-Ancient town in the Fazilka tahsal of Ferozepore District,
Punjab, situated in 30° 9' N. and 74° i6' E. Population (190o), 5,439.
Tradition ascribes its foundation to Jaura, a grandson of the legendary
Bhatti king, Raja Rasalu, and it was the capital of Bhattiana. It was
named Uboh-har or 'the pool of Uboh,' after Jaura's wife. It lay on the
ancient high road from Multan to Delhi and was visited by Ibn Batuta
(A.D. I332). In it was resident the family of Shams-i-Siraj Afif, the
author of the Tdrikh-i-Eiroz Shdhi, whose grandfather was collector
of the district, then a dependency of Dipalpur. The place is now of no
importance. It has a Government dispensary.
Aboo.-Tahsil, mountain, and sanitarium in Sirohi State, Rajputana.
Abor Hills.-A section of the Himalayan range lying on the
northern frontier of Assam, between the Siom river on the west and