was once a place of great importance. The remains of a fort are
still visible about half a mile from the existing village, and ruins and
debris half buried in the soil on every side attest its former greatness.
It was captured by Muhammad of Ghor in II94, since which time the
Agarwal Banias have been scattered over the whole peninsula. The
clan comprises many of the wealthiest men in India. The present
village is quite unimportant and has (1901) a population of only
Agror.-Frontier valley in the Mansehra tahsWl of Hazara District,
North-West Frontier Province, lying between 34° 29' and 34° 35'
N. and 720 58' and 75° 9' E. It consists of three mountain glens,
io miles in length and 6 in breadth. The lower portions contain
a mass of luxuriant cultivation, thickly dotted with villages, hamlets,
and groves, and surrounded by dark pine-clad heights, whose depressions
occasionally disclose the snowy peaks of the main range in the distance.
These valleys are alike in their nature; they have no strictly level
spaces, but consist rather of terraced flats which descend from the hills.
Water is abundant and perennial, so that failure of crops seldom occurs.
The population consists chiefly of Swatis and Gujars, and was returned
in I9o0 at I6,983. Islam is the almost universal creed. Agror is the
ancient Atyugrapura of the Rdjatarangini and the 'IOcyovpos town in
Ovapora mentioned by Ptolemy. From the time of Timur until the
beginning of the eighteenth century the Agror valley was held by
a family of Karlugh Turks. These were expelled in 1703 by a Saiyid
named Jlaal Baba, and the conquered country was divided among the
Swatis, one Ahmad Sad-ud-din, who died in 1783, rising to the position
of Khan of Agror. The Nawab of Amb took the valley in i834, but in
I841 it was restored by the Sikhs to Ata Muhammad, a descendant of
Sad-ud-din. At annexation Ata Muhammad was recognized as chief
of Agror, and the defence and management of this part of the frontier
was originally left to him; but the arrangement did not work satisfactorily.
An expedition had to be sent in I852 to avenge the murder of two
officers of the Salt department; and in consequence of the unsatisfactory
attitude of the chief and of repeated complaints by the cultivators, it
was resolved in I868 to place a police station in Agror and to bring the
valley more directly under the administration of Government. This
incensed the Khan, at whose instigation the newly-built police station
was burnt by a raid of the Black Mountain tribes. An expedition was
dispatched, and Ata Muhammad was deported to Lahore for a time,
but in I870 reinstated in his chieftainship. His son and successor,
Ali Gauhar, was removed from the valley in i888 in consequence of his
abetting raids into British territory. In order to maintain the peace of
the border, expeditions were dispatched against the Black Mountain
tribes in i888, I89r, and I892; and there has since been no disturbance.