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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 111.


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ANHJD. 1(, G_.lI DIISTRICT'


Ill


reopened and affiliated to the Bombay University. Its average daily
attendance is I43. In addition to the Gujarat High School, recently
opened, there were in 1904 five high schools with 1,927 pupils, and six
middle schools with 416 boys and 134 girls; of the middle schools three
are girls' schools. The city contains five printing presses, and four
vernacular newspapers are issued. There are a Victoria Jubilee
Dispensary for women, a leper asylum, a lunatic asylum, eight dis-
pensaries, and the usual station hospital. There are five libraries in
the city, of which the Hemabhai Institute with 4,000 volumes is the
best known. A club exists for the promotion of social intercourse
between European and native ladies.
[Hope and Fergusson, Architecture of Alhmoadlbd (i 866); Rev. G. P.
Taylor, 'The Coins of Ahmadabad,' vol. xx of the Journal of the Royal
Asiatic Society, Bomnlav Braionch (I900); Jas. Burgess, 'Muhammadan
Architecture of Bharoch, Cambay, Dholka, Champanlr, and Muhammad-
abad in Gujarat,' vol. vi of the Archaeological Survey of Western
India (I896).]
Ahmadnagar District.-District in the Central Division of the
Bombay Presidency, lying between 18 20' and 19 59' N. and 73 37'
and 75 41' E., with an area of 6,586 square miles. To the north-
west and north lies Nasik District; on the north-east the line of the
Godavari river separates Ahmadnagar from the Dominions of the
Nizam; on the extreme east, from the point where the boundary leaves
the Godavari to the extreme northern point of Sholapur District, it
touches the Nizam's Dominions, a part of the frontier being marked by
the river Sina; on the south-east and south-west lie the Districts of
Sholapur and Poona, the limit towards Sholapur being marked by no
natural boundary, but to the south-west the line of the Bhima, and its
tributary the Ghod, separate Ahmadnagar from Poona; and farther
north the District stretches westward, till its lands and those of Thana
meet on the slopes of the Western Ghats. Except in the east,
where the Dominions of the Nizam run inwards to within io miles of
Ahmadnagar city, the District is compact and unbroken by the terri-
tories of Native States, or outlying portions of other British Districts.
The principal geographical feature of the District is the chain of the
Western Ghats, which extends along a considerable portion of the
western boundary, throwing out many spurs and
ridges towards the east. Three of these spurs con- Physical
aspects.
tinue to run eastwards into the heart of the District,
the valleys between them forming the beds of the Pravara and Mula
rivers. From the right bank of the Mula the land stretches in hills
and elevated plateaux to the Ghod river, the south-western boundary of
the District. Except near the centre of the eastern boundary, where the
hills rise to a considerable height, the surface of the District eastwards,



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