IAHrAI-ID)A I G. IR O TO N; 125
latter, close to the adjacent town of Bhingar, is the burial-place of
the heart and viscera of Aurangzeb.
Ahmadnagar is an important mission centre. Two noteworthy
industrial schools are maintained by the American Mission: namely,
a carpet factory and an experimental weaving institute. The two
schools together contain 410 pupils. There is a Parsi fire-temple near
the city and a fine cotton market. In the city are three high schools,
three middle schools, and one normal class. Of these, the high schools
belong to the American Mission, the Education Society, and the S.P.G.
Mission, and contain respectively 247, I67, and So pupils. An agri-
cultural class with eleven pupils is attached to the Education Society's
school. The middle schools are St. Anne's Roman Catholic school
with 34 pupils, the American Mission girls' school with 136 pupils,
and the Education Society's school with I5 pupils. The normal class
has an attendance of 87. The municipality, established in 1854, had
an average income during the decade ending 190o of nearly one lakh.
In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 82,000, chiefly derived from octroi
(Rs. 34,000), conservancy fees (Rs. 9,500), and market fees (Rs. 9,300).
A civil hospital treats about Io,ooo patients annually. The city is
supplied with water by numerous aqueducts leading from sources 2 to
6 miles distant, supplemented by well-water pumped by machinery
into the ducts. Ahmadnagar is a station of the Poona division of the
Western Command, with a garrison composed of British and native
infantry, and a field battery. During the ten years ending 190o the
cantonment had an average income of Rs. 14,000. In 1903-4 the
income was Rs. 26,o00, and the expenditure nearly Rs. 2I,000.
The chief industries are the weaving of sdris and the manufacture
of copper and brass pots. Good carpets are woven in a mission
factory, lately established. One street is devoted to the houses
and shops of grain-dealers. The shops of the cloth-sellers form
another street. The cloth-selling trade is chiefly in the hands of
Marwaris, who combine it with money-lending.
Ahmadnagar Town.-Capital of the State of Idar in the Mahi
Kantha Agency, Bombay, situated in 23° 34' N. and 73° i' E., on
the left bank of the Hathmati, and on the Ahmadabad-Parantij
Railway. Population (1901), 3,200. It is surrounded by a stone wall,
built about I426 by Sultan Ahmad I (1411-43), who is said to have
been so fond of the place that he thought of making it, instead of
Ahmadabad, the capital of Gujarat. When the present dynasty took
Idar (1728), Ahmadnagar soon fell into their hands. After the death
of Maharaja Shiv Singh in 1791, his second son, Sangram Singh, took
Ahmadnagar and the country round, and, in spite of the efforts of his
nephew, Gambhlr Singh, became an independent chief. Sangram Singh
was succeeded by his son, Karan Singh. The latter died in I835, and