AJIMER- JER WARA
them, and of eight detached fragments, exist in Mrs. Spier's Lije in
Ancient India. More recently the matchless art series of Ajanta has
been made available to the Western world by Mr. Griffiths.
[John Griffiths, Indian Antiquary, vol. ii, p. 150; vol. iii, p. 25;
J. Fergusson, Histor)y of Indian Archilecture (ed. 1876); J. Burgess,
Bauddha Rock Tenples of Ajanta (I879), and Cave-Temples of Western
India (I88I); J. Griffiths, The Paintings in the Buddhist Cave-Temples
of Ajanta (1896-7).]
Ajeygarh.-Town in Central India. See AJAIGARH.
Ajimganj.-Town in Murshidabad District, Bengal. See Azi.M-
Ajmer.-British Province, District, and city in Rajputina. See
AJMER-MERWARA and AJMER CITY.
Ajmer-MerwFra.-An isolated British Province in RLjputana,
lying between 25° 24' and 26° 42' N. and 73° 45' and 75° 24' E. The
Agent to the Governor-General in Rajputana administers it as Chief
Commissioner. The Province consists of two small separate Districts,
AJMER and MERWARA.
Ajmer is bounded on the north by Jodhpur (Marwar); on the south
by Udaipur (Mewar) and Merwara; on the east by Jaipur and Kishan-
garh; and on the west by Jodhpur. Merwara is bounded on the north
by Jodhpur and Ajmer; on the south by Udaipur; on the east by
Ajmer and Udaipur; on the west by Jodhpur. The total area of the
Province is 2,711 square miles; the total population (1901), 476,912.
The Sanskrit word meient, 'a hill,' is a component part of the names
of both Districts. Ajmer took its name from the founder (Raja Aja) of
its principal town, and Merwara from its physical features.
Ajmer District is a large open plain, very sandy in parts, especially to
the west in the neighbourhood of Pushkar and Gobindgarh, and studded
at intervals with hills that rise boldly from the plain.
Merwara, on the other hand, is a network of hills. aspects.
The ARAVALLI range, which commences at the Ridge
at Delhi, and runs in a broken chain south-westward across Rajputana,
comes into prominence in the northern corner of Ajmer District, where
it assumes the form of several parallel hill ranges. The highest point,
on which is perched the fort of TIaragarh, immediately above the city of
Ajmer, rises to a height of 2,855 feet above sea-level, and between
1,300 and 1,400 feet above the valley at its base. The Nagpahar, or
'serpent hill,' which is situated between 3 and 4 miles west of Ajmer,
attains a scarcely inferior elevation. The plateau on whose centre
stands the city of Ajmer marks the highest point in the plains of
Hindustan, the country sloping away on every side from the circle of
hills which hem it in. The range of hills running between Ajmer and
Nasirabad forms a dividing watershed for India. The rain which falls