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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 138.


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AJIMfLER-MER W[VRA


on the southern or Nasirabad face finds its way into the CHAMBAL, and
so into the Bay of Bengal; that which falls on the opposite side drains
into the LUrI, and so into the Rann of Cutch. The range of hills on
which Taragarh stands bends westwards from the city of Ajmer, and the
country for several miles in the direction of Beawar is open. The hills
enter Merwara as a compact double ridge, enclosing the valley of the
pargana from which Beawar takes its name.' The two ranges approach
each other at Jawaja, 14 miles south of Beawar, and finally meet at
Kukra, in the north of the Todgarh tahsil, whence a succession of hills
and valleys extends to the farthest extremities of the District, the chain
finally merging into the Vindhyan system near the isolated hill of Abu.
On the Marwar, or western side, of Merwara, the hills become very
bold and precipitous, and Goramji, which lies about 7 miles to the
south-west of Todgarh, has an elevation of 3,075 feet. The average
level of the valleys is about I,800 feet.
Owing to its elevated position at the centre of the watershed, the
Province does not possess any rivers of importance. The BANAS is
the principal stream. It rises in the Aravalli Hills, 40 miles north-west
of Udaipur, and enters Ajmer District at the extreme south-east corner.
During the rains this river comes down in high flood, and travellers to
and from Deoli are ferried across at the village of Negria, in Jaipur
territory. The Khari Nadi rises in the hills near the village of Birjal,
in Merwira District, and after forming the boundary between Mewar
and Ajmer for a short distance, falls into the Banas about a mile above
Negria. The Dai Nadi flows across Ajmer District from west to east;
it is arrested in its course by embankments at Nearan and at Sarwar,
which is in Kishangarh territory. It leaves the District close to
Baghera, and eventually empties itself into the Banas. The Sagar
Mati rises on the southern slope of the hills surrounding the Anasagar
tank in Ajmer. It flows through and fertilizes the Ajmer valley, and
takes a sweep northwards by Bhaonta and Pisangan to Gobindgarh.
Here it meets the Saraswati, which carries the drainage of the Pushkar
valley; and from this point till it falls into the Rann of Cutch the
stream is called the Luni or 'salty' river. These streams, which are
dry during the hot season, become torrents in the rains. With the
exception of PUSHKAR, which lies in a valley, there are no noteworthy
natural lakes in the Province. The tanks, on which the cultivators
depend for their supply of water for irrigation, have been built at
different times, some being very old and others of quite recent con-
struction.
Ajmer District is deficient in striking scenery, although Ajmer city
is an exception. There, after the first burst of the monsoon, the hills
assume a very pleasing aspect, as, green with verdure, they stand out in
bold relief against a clear blue sky. The sunset effects are at times



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