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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 174.


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I74


AfMER CITY


printing presses in the city, from which eight weekly newspapers (mostly
vernacular) issue, none of which, however, is of any importance.
Ajmiriganj.-A large market in the Habiganj subdivision of Sylhet
District, Assam, situated in 24 33' N. and 9I I5' E., on the banks of
the Surma river. Population (I901), 583. It is an important centre
of trade, the chief exports being rice, dried fish, bamboos, and mats, and
the imports, grain, oil, salt, tobacco, sugar, and piece-goods. Trade is
carried on largely by country boats, though the village is a place of call
for river steamers.
Ajnala.-Tahsls of Amritsar District, Punjab, lying between 31 37'
and 320 3' N. and 74 30' and 74 59' E., with an area of 417 square
miles. It is bounded on the north-west by the Ravi, dividing it from
Sialkot District. The Sakki, a sluggish perennial stream, which falls
into the Ravi near the southern boundary, separates the alluvial low-
lands from the upland plateau which occupies two-thirds of the area.
The southern portion of the plateau is irrigated by the Bari Doab Canal
and the northern by wells. Cultivation is less extensive than in the
other fahsils, owing to the inferiority of the soil. The population in
19oi was 209,869, compared with 224,836 in I891. It contains 331
villages, of which Ajnala is the head-quarters. The land revenue and
cesses amounted in I903-4 to Rs. 3,6I,000.
Ajodhya Estate.-A large talukdari estate situated in the Districts
of Fyzabad, Gonda, Sultanpur, Bara Banki, and Lucknow, United
Provinces, with an area of 762 square miles. The land revenue and
cesses payable to Government amount to 5.9 lakhs, and the rent-roll is
nearly I lakhs. The founder of the estate was Bakhtawar Singh,
a Brahman, who entered the service of Nawab Saadat All Khan of Oudh
as a trooper. He rose rapidly in favour, and Muhammad Ali Shah
conferred on him the Mahdona estate in Fyzabad District with the title
of Raja. Bakhtawar Singh became the first noble in the State, and was
selected to accompany Sir William Sleeman on his tour through Oudh
in I849. His younger brother, Darshan Singh, also attained high rank.
Darshan Singh died in I844, leaving three sons, the youngest of whom,
Man Singh or Hanuman Singh, was employed by the king of Oudh and
rendered important services. In i855 Bakhtawar Singh died childless
and left his large property to Man Singh. In accordance with the
general policy at the annexation of Oudh, Man Singh was deprived of
almost the whole of his estates, and when the Mutiny broke out he was
in confinement at Fyzabad. He was, however, released and requested
to protect the European women and children, whom he received into
his fort at Shahganj and escorted to the Gogra, where they embarked in
safety. He then joined the rebel army before Lucknow, but withdrew
in October on the arrival of Sir James Outram, and was subsequently
instrumental in saving the lives of several European ladies, and gave



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