Previous Page [Digital South Asia Library] Next Page

Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 175.


Graphics file for this page
AJODI YA TO lfiW


I75


valuable assistance in the pacification of the Province. Man Singh's
estates were restored in I858, and for his services he received the title
of Maharaja and also the confiscated estate of the rebel Raja of Gonda.
He became the most influential talukddr in Oudh, and rendered great
assistance in the settlement of the controversies about rights in land
(see article on OUDH), for which he was appointed a K.C.S.I. At his
death in I870 the estates were managed for a time under the Talukdars
Relief Act. Man Singh was succeeded, after protracted litigation, by
his grandson, Sir Pratap Narayan Singh, K.C.I.E., who held the per-
sonal title of Maharaja, and served as a member of the Imperial and
Provincial Legislative Councils. He died in 1907.
Ajodhya Town (in Sanskrit Ayod/lya; now known as Ajudhia).-
Town in Fyzabad District, United Provinces, situated in 26 48' N. and
82 12' E., on the right bank of the Gogra, and on a branch of the
Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway. Population (I901), 21,584. The
interest of Ajodhya centres in its ancient history. The old city has
almost entirely disappeared, and only its outlines are marked by an
extensive tract of elevated ground. But according to tradition Ajodhya
was in remote antiquity one of the largest and most magnificent of
Indian cities. It is said to have covered an area of 12 yojanas or 80 to
ioo miles in circumference, though the limits according to modern
tradition extend only about 6 miles from Guptar Ghat on the west to
Ram Ghat on the east. Ajodhya was the capital of the kingdom of
KOSALA, and contained the court of the great king Dasaratha, fifty-sixth
monarch of the Solar line in descent from Raja MNanu. The opening
chapters of the Ramayana recount the magnificence of the city, the
glories of the monarch, and the virtues, wealth, and loyalty of his
people. Dasaratha was the father of Rama Chandra, the hero of the
epic, whose cult has experienced a great revival in modern times. With
the fall of the last of the Solar line, Raja Sumintra, the one hundred and
thirteenth monarch, Ajodhya became a wilderness and the royal family
dispersed. From different members of this scattered stock the Rajas of
Udaipur, Jaipur, &c., claim descent. Tradition relates that Ajodhya
was restored by king Vikramaditya of Ujjain, whose identity is a matter
of dispute. Ajodhya was of small importance in Buddhist times, when
Saketa became the chief city of Kosala. It is still uncertain where
Saketa was situated, and it has been suggested that it occupied part of
the ancient city of Ajodhya. Numismatic evidence points to the rule
of a line of independent Rajas, in or near Ajodhya, about the com-
mencement of the Christian era. The identifications of Ajodhya with
the capitals of Sha-chi, 'O-yu-t'o, or Pi-so-kia, visited by the Chinese
pilgrims, are all doubtful.
Under the rule of the early Muhammadan kings of Delhi, Ajodhya
or Awadh was the seat of a governor whose authority extended over a



Previous Page To Table of Contents Next Page

Back to Imperial Gazetteer of India | Back to the DSAL Page

This page was last generated on Monday 18 February 2013 at 16:20 by dsal@uchicago.edu
The URL of this page is: http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/text.html