it on the north, but stretches southward as far as the northern edge
of the Balaghat, the southern plateau of Berar. The Kata Pturna flows
northwards through the taluk to join the Purna.
Akola Town.-Chief town of the District and taluk of the same
name in Berar, situated in 20° 42' N. and 77° 2' E., on the Nagpur
branch of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, 383 miles from Bombay
and I57 from Nagpur. The population in 1901 was 29,289, of whom
21,045 were Hindus, 7,484 Musalmans, 358 Christians, and 226 Jains.
Akola is mentioned in the Ain-i-Akbari as the chief town of a rich
pargana in the sarkdr of Narnala. The walls of the town and the idgah
were built for the most part by Asad Khan, Amir-ul-Umara, in whose
jdgir Akola was situated in the latter part of the reign of Aurangzeb.
The walls bear many inscriptions recording the dates of their erection
and repair. Later, in the reign of Akbar Shah II of Delhi (1806-37)
a citadel was built by Salih Muhammad Khan, who held the town, with
a force of 5 elephants, i,ooo horse, and some infantry, for the Nizam.
In 1803 General Wellesley halted at Akola on his way from Assaye to
Argaon, 36 miles north of the town, where, on November 29, he defeated
the Marathas under Venkaji, the brother of Raghuji Bhonsla. During
the later years of the Nizam's rule, the importance of Akola declined
owing to the malpractices of the tdlukddr, who robbed the people and
did not keep off other marauders; and many of the inhabitants emigrated
to Amraoti. The town is bisected by the Murna river, Akola proper
being on the west bank, and Tajnapeth, with the houses of Europeans
and Government buildings, on the east bank. The municipality was
created in 1867. The receipts and expenditure during the ten years
ending 1900-I averaged Rs. 59,000 and Rs. 61,ooo respectively. In
1903-4 the income was Rs. 62,000, chiefly derived from taxes and
cesses; and the expenditure was Rs. 44,000, the principal heads being
conservancy and education.
The town is one of the principal centres of the cotton trade in Berar,
and has many ginning factories and cotton presses. A cotton market
has existed at Tajnapeth since I868. Two Protestant missions are
situated at Akola. The educational institutions include a Government
high school and a primary school for Mahar boys.
Akola T.luka.-Tdluka of Ahmadnagar District, Bombay, lying
between 19° i6' and 19° 45' N. and 73° 37' and 74° 7' E., with an area
of 572 square miles. It contains I57 villages, the head-quarters being
at Akola. The population in 1901 was 70,566, compared with 68,009
in 1891. The density, 123 persons to the square mile, is slightly below
the District average. The demand for land revenue in 1903-4 was
I lakh, and for cesses Rs. 7,000. Akola consists mainly of the two
valleys of the Pravara and Mula rivers, with the smaller valley of the
Adula in the extreme north. The general character of the valleys is