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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 190.


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Ig9o


AKOLA TAL UKA


very wild and rugged; but that of the Pravara, at a little distance from
Rajur village, exchanges its rocks and ravines for the flat alluvial plain,
known as the desk of Akola, into which the Adula also breaks after
a fall of 200 feet. The western half of the tiuhka, which includes the
crest of the Western Ghats, enjoys a very heavy rainfall, averaging from
200 to 250 inches on its borders, whereas the desk or eastern portion
rarely obtains more than 22 inches in the year.
Akot Taluk.-Northern taluk of Akola District, Berar, lying be-
tween 20 55' and 21 15' N. and 760 47' and 77 r5' E., with an area
of 517 square miles. The population hardly varied at all between I891
and I901, the census enumeration being 137,720 in the former and
137,683 in the later year. The density, 266 persons per square mile,
is the highest in the District and, with the exception of the Ellichpur
taluk (31), the highest in the Province. The taluk contains 228
villages and two towns, AKOT (population, 18,252), a municipality and
the head-quarters of the taluk, and HIWARKHED (6,I43). The demand
for land revenue in 1903-4 was Rs. 6,I2,000, and for cesses Rs. 48,000.
The taluk lies in the fertile valley of the Pmrna river, which bounds it
on the south. On the north it is bounded by the Gawilgarh hills; and
a sharp curve in this northern boundary line includes in the tdluk the
old fort of NARNALA, situated on the southern range of these hills. The
village of ARGAON, the site of Sir Arthur Wellesley's victory over the
Marathas on November 29, 1803, lies 7 miles to the west of Akot.
The taduk is well watered by streams flowing southwards from the
Gawilgarh hills into the Purna; but the area of irrigated land is, as
elsewhere in Berar, insignificant.
Akot Town.-Head-quarters of the taluk of the same name in
Akola District, Berar, situated in 21 6' N. and 77 6' E. Population
(I9OI), 18,252. The town is interspersed with garden land and mango
groves, and is plentifully supplied with water from wells. Several good
examples of building in carved stone occur. Municipal administration
was established in I884. The receipts and expenditure during the ten
years ending I900-I averaged Rs. 13,000. In 1903-4 the receipts were
Rs. 15,000, chiefly derived from taxes and cesses; and the expenditure
was Rs. r5,ooo, the principal heads being conservancy, education, and
administration. Akot is a large cotton mart, cotton being dispatched
to Shegaon and Akola. Good cotton carpets are manufactured here,
the best sorts being made only to order. The town has several ginning
factories.
Akra (Akarah).-Ancient site in Bannu District, North-West Fron-
tier Province, situated in 33 N. and 70 36' E., near Bannu town.
It is said to have been the seat of government of Rustam, son of
Zal-i-zar, or 'Zal of the golden locks,' and a daughter of the Kabul
Shah. Rustam's sister, Banu, held it as her apanage, whence the



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