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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 191.


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AKYAB DISTRICT


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adjacent territory is said to have acquired the name of Banu. Engraved
gems of Greek or West Asian provenance, one in the late Mycenaean
style, have been found on the site.
[Furtwangler's Antike Gemmen, vol. ii, pp. 27, 59; and vol. iii,
pp. 22, 23, and 25.]
Akyab District (Sit-twe).-Coast District in the Arakan Division
of Lower Burma, lying between 19 47' and 21 27' N. and 920 11
and 93 58' E., with an area of 5,136 square miles. It is bounded
on the north by Chittagong District and Northern Arakan; on the
east by Northern Arakan and the Arakan Yoma; on the south-east by
Kyaukpyu; and on the south and west by the Bay of Bengal and the
Naaf estuary.
The District consists of the level tract lying between the sea and the
ARAKAN YOMA, and of the broken country formed by the western spurs
of that range and the valleys which cover the portion
east of the Lemro river. A pass leading across the aspects.
range connects the District with Upper Burma, but
it is difficult and is rarely used. The northern portion of the District is
also covered with hills, from which three low ranges detach themselves
and run southward. In the west, between the Naaf and the Mayu
rivers and terminating near the mouth of the latter, is the steep
Mayu range, the southern part of which lies parallel with, and not far
from, the coast. Between the Kaladan and Mayu rivers two similar
ridges run parallel to each other to within about 30 miles of Akyab
town on the coast. The rivers in general flow from north to south,
being separated from each other by abrupt high watersheds. The
three principal streams are the Mayu, Kaladan, and Lemro, which
flow from the northern hills as mountain torrents, but spread out in
the plains into a network of tidal channels. The KALADAN is the
largest and most important river in Arakan. Rising in the Chin Hills,
it runs nearly due south through the Arakan Hill Tracts and Akyab
District, receiving the waters of a large number of tributaries in its
course, and enters the sea at Akyab, where its estuary is 6 miles
in breadth, and forms the harbour of the town. The Lemro river
is the second in importance. It receives the whole drainage of the
western slope of the Arakan Yoma, passes along the eastern side of
Northern Arakan and Akyab Districts, and flows into the Bay of Bengal
south of Akyab town. The Mayu flows to the west of the Kaladan,
and west of the Mayu again is the Naaf stream, which forms part of
the boundary between Akyab and Chittagong. There are a few islands
along the coast, of which the best known are the Boronga Islands at
the mouth of the Kaladan, whence petroleum is obtained.
Geologically the District, beyond the alluvium which skirts the coast,
may be divided into three distinct belts: namely, the Cretaceous (Ma-i



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