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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 208.


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208


ALIGARH DISTRICT


The population in 901o was 17,063, compared with I9,623 in I89I.
There are 86 villages. The principal castes are Minas, Chamars, Gfjars,
Malis, and Mahajans, forming respectively about 21, 15, 8, 7, and 6 per
cent. of the total. The district takes its name from its head-quarters
and, like it, was formerly called Rampura. Little is known of its early
history. The Hara Rajputs of Bundi are said to have possessed it (or
parts of it) from i688 to I748, and for the rest of the eighteenth century
it was held alternately by Holkar or the Jaipur chief. The town and
fort were successfully stormed by a British force under Colonel Don in
May, 1804, but in the following year were restored to Holkar. However,
in i818, on the final defeat of the latter's army at Mehidpur, the district
was annexed by the British Government, and in 1819, together with the
town and fort, was made over as a free gift to Nawab Amir Khan. More
than half of Aligarh is now held on special tenures by jcagrddrs and
others, and the actual kh/asa area is about 67 square miles. Of the
latter, 59 square miles are available for cultivation, and the net area
cropped in 1903-4 was 34 square miles, or 58 per cent., only 3 square
miles being irrigated. Of the cropped area, jowir occupied about
43 per cent., wheat 20, and ///nearly 19 per cent. The soil is generally
fertile, though somewhat light. The revenue from all sources amounts
to about Rs. 36,000, of which five-sixths is derived from the land. The
head-quarters of the district is a small town situated in 25 58' N. and
760 5' E., about 24 miles south-east of Tonk city. Its population in
1901 was 2,584. It is said to have been founded in 1644 by one
Basant Rai, a Bohra, and was called Rampura after a Rathor Rajput,
Ram Singh, in whose estate it was situated. The name was changed to
Aligarh in the time of the first Nawab, Amir Khan. The town lies low
and is unhealthy in the rains; it is surrounded by a rampart of consider-
able strength, and possesses a post office, a lock-up, a vernacular school,
and a small dispensary for out-patients.
Aligarh District.-Southernmost District in the Meerut Division,
United Provinces, lying between 27 29' and 28 II' N. and
77 29t and 78 38' E., with an area of 1,946 square miles. It is
bounded on the north by Bulandshahr District; on the east and south
by Etah; and on the west and south by Muttra. The Jumna separates
the north-west corner from the Punjab District of Gurgaon, and the
Ganges the north-east corner from Budaun. Bordering on the great
rivers lie stretches of low land called khadar. The
aPhsical Ganges khddar is fertile and produces sugar-cane, while
the Jumna khadar is composed of hard unproductive
clay, chiefly covered with coarse jungle grass and tamarisk. The rest of
the District forms a fertile upland tract traversed by three streams. The
most important is the KAiL NADI (EAST), which winds across the eastern
portion. Between the Kali Nadi and the Ganges lies the Nim NadT,



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