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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 225.


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ALJIY:AL


225


trate and revenue officer. The chief manages the State with the
assistance of a minister, who has the immediate control of the adminis-
trative machinery, except that of the medical and forests departments,
which are under the Agency Surgeon and Forest officer respectively.
In general matters and in civil judicial cases the chief is the final
authority. In criminal cases he exercises the powers of a magistrate
of the first class, all cases beyond his jurisdiction being tried by the
Political Agent. The British codes are followed as a general guide in
the courts.
Up to a recent date, the land revenue was collected in kind, but it
is now taken in cash. The total normal revenue is r lakh, of which
Rs. 43,000 is derived from land, Rs. Io,ooo from customs, and
Rs. 15,00o from excise. The expenditure on the general administration,
including the chiefs establishment, is Rs. 33,000; on police, Rs. 17,000;
tribute (paid to Dhar State), Rs. 8,600; and a contribution of Rs. 1,27
is paid towards the maintenance of the Malwa Bhil Corps. The land
revenue is assessed on the 'plough' of land, the rates varying from Rs. 8
to Rs. 19 an acre. The police force consists of 191 men, and a jail is
maintained at Rajpur. The State supports seven primary Hindi schools,
with i87 pupils. Other institutions include one private English school,
and the mission schools at Amkhut Sardi and Mendha. In 19o0 only
I-3 per cent. of the population, almost all males, could read and write.
Dispensaries have been opened at Rajpur and Bhabra.
The chief place in the State is Ali-Rajpur, better known locally as
Rajpur, situated in 22 Ir' N. and 74' 22' E., 120 miles south-west of
Indore; 9,700 feet above the sea. Population (1901), 3,954. It was
made the capital in place of the old capital of All about 800o by Musafir
Makrani, when he was diwdn to Rana Pratap Singh. A State guest-
house, a sarai, a school, a public library, a jail, a hospital, and a British
post office are situated in the town.
Aliwal.-Village in the Jagraon tahsil of Ludhiana District, Punjab,
situated in 30 56' N. and 75 38' E., the scene of the battle fought by
Sir Harry Smith on January 28, I846, against the Sikhs. The Sikh
force, which amounted to about I5,000 men, was posted in the lowlands
close to the Sutlej, with the right resting on the village of Bhundri on
the high bank, and the left on Aliwal close to the river. East of
Bhundri the high bank or ridge, which separates the valley of the Sutlej
from the uplands, sweeps inwards in a semicircle to the distance of 5
or 6 miles, crowned with villages at intervals, and leaving a wide open
plain between it and the river. It was across this plain that the British
army on the morning of January 28 moved to the attack, the capture of
the village of Allwal, the key of the position, being the first object. The
Sikh guns were as usual well served; but Aliwal was in the hands of
inferior troops, and the resistance was spiritless. By the capture of the
VOL. V . Q



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