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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 227.


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ALLAHABAD DISTRICT


227


197,170 with cantonments), ALLAHAB.AD (172,032 with cantonments),
JHANSI (55,724 with cantonments), and BANDA (22,565). Cawnpore
is the largest trading and manufacturing centre in the Provinces;
Allahabad is the seat of Government and an important religious centre;
and Jhansi derives its importance from its commanding position.
The southern Districts contain a fine series of Hindu temples and
fortresses, the memorials of the Chandel rulers of MAHO1BA.




Land revenue
Area and cesses
District. in square Population (103-4),
miles. (901). in thousands
of rupees.
Cawnpore . 2,384 i ,258,868 23,61
Fatehpur . 1,618 686,391 15.I13
Band. . . 3,060 631,0o8 0o,.5I
Hamirpur . 2,289 458,542 11,48
Allahabad . 2,81 1,489,358 27,39
Jhansi .3,628 616,759 7,44
Jalaun . 1,480 399,726 11,38
Total 17,270 5,540,702 I,o6,94
Allahabad District (Ilahdbdd).-Easternmost District in the
Allahabad Division, United Provinces, lying between 24 47' and 25
47' N. and 8I 9'and 82 21' E., with an area of 2,8II square miles. It
is bounded on the north by the Partabgarh District of Oudh; on the
east by Jaunpur and Mirzapur; on the south by the Native State of
Rewah and Banda District; and on the west by Fatehpur. The Ganges
forms part of the northern boundary and then crosses
the District; and the Jumna, after flowing along the asects.
southern border, meets the Ganges near the centre.
These two rivers divide Allahabad into three well-marked subdivisions:-
(i) The Doab or triangular wedge of land enclosed by the converging
channels of the Ganges and Jumna. This consists of a fertile tract
drained by the Sasur Khaderi, a tributary of the latter. Near the
Ganges there is usually a stretch of alluvial land (kachhdr or char), and
along the Jumna and the lower course of the Sasur Khaderi are extensive
ravines. The elevated plain between is rich and well wooded, while the
ravines are bare and desolate. Near the Jumna stands the Pabhosa
hill, which is the only rock found in the Doab. (2) The trans-Ganges
tract lying north of that river. This is more fertile than the Doab, and
is remarkably well wooded. It contains many swamps or jhi/s near
which rice is cultivated. (3) The trans-Jumna tract, lying south of the
Jumna and Ganges, is the largest of the three and the most varied in
its physical aspects. The drainage is entirely into the Ganges and the
Jumna, the main feeder being the river TONS (Southern). Immediately
south of the Ganges a low range of stone hills enters the District from
Q 2



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