The successful working of a grass-farm and dairy, in connexion with
the Allahabad cantonment, has led to the establishment of similar
institutions in many parts of India.
Allahabad is not famous for any particular trade or manufacture, but
it has long been a mart of considerable general importance. Its position
on the East Indian Railway giving direct access to T
Calcutta, with a branch towards Bombay, adds to the
trade involved in supplying a large population. The construction of
branches of the Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway from Allahabad to
Fyzabad and Jaunpur, with a bridge over the Ganges, will add to the
importance of the city. At present it exports grain and oilseeds; and
the chief imports include grain, sugar, ghi, oilseeds, piece-goods, and
metals, some of which are re-exported in small quantities. Printing
is the most important organized industry. In 1903 the Government
Press employed 1,03I hands, and its branches in the Naini jail 287,
while the Pioneer Press employed 606, and there were about 35
smaller presses. Large brick and tile works situated just outside the
boundaries of the city employed 700 to 800 workers, an iron foundry
gave employment to 135, and a coach-building and furniture factory
to 178. Flour-mills are now under construction.
Allahabad is the most important educational centre in the United
Provinces. The Muir College was founded in 1872, and the foundations
of the fine buildings in which it is housed were laid
in the following year. Spacious chemical and physical
laboratories have recently been opened. The number of students in
1904 was 340, of whom 21 were reading in the M.A. classes and 131
in law classes. Several hostels are attached to this institution, and
efforts are being made to establish others. It is proposed to make this
college the nucleus of a teaching university. College classes are also
held in three schools, with an average attendance of about 75.
A training college for teachers, originally founded in Lucknow, was
removed to Allahabad in 900o. It contained 48 students in 1904.
The Allahabad Christian College, managed by the American Presby-
terian Mission, was opened in I902 and had 70 pupils in 1904.
There is also a normal school with i 7 pupils. The municipality
maintains 8 schools and aids 15 others, with a total attendance of
I,545. The largest institution is the Kayastha Pathshala, which con-
tains both school and college classes and has 370 students, of whom
53 are in college classes. A number of schools make provision for the
education of Europeans and Eurasians, including one free school.
Several English and vernacular newspapers are published at Allahabad,
the Pioneer being the most important.
Allahabad Tahsil.- Tahsil in the Bahawalpur State and nizdnmat,
Punjab, lying south of the Panjnad, between 27' 42' and 29° 12' N. and
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