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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 307.


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AMRAOTI DISTRICT


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an area of 727 square miles. The population in I901, including jigirs,
was 20,880, compared with 19,601 in 1891. The taluk contains
46 villages, of which nine are jgir; and Amrabad (population, 2,267) is
the head-quarters. The land revenue in I90o was Rs. 25,000. The
taluk, which is situated on a plateau, contains a large forest area, and
the surrounding country is very hilly. In 1905 the limits of this
taluk were increased it now contains 67 khadsa villages.
Amraoti District (Umrsvrati).-District of Berar, lying between
20 25' and 21 37' N. and 77 16' and 780 29'E., with an area of 2,759
square miles. Changes made in I905 are described at the end of this
article, which deals with the District before the change. The name is
said by native philologers to be derived from the old temple of Amba
Devi in Amraoti. The derivation is exceedingly doubtful, but no other
can be suggested. The District is bounded on the north by the Ellich-
pur taluk and by the Betul District of the Central Provinces; on the
east by the Wardha river; on the south by the Yeotmal, Darwha, and
Mangrul tluks; and on the west by the Akola and Daryapur taluks.
Amraoti is a plain about 800 feet above sea-level, the soil of which
is principally black loam overlying basalt, with a gentle slope from-north
to south, watered by numerous streams. A small chain
of barren and stony hills, too insignificant to bear a Pysica
name, runs in a north-westerly direction between
Chandfr and Amraoti town, with an average height of 400 to 500 feet
above the lowlands.
The Pfrna rises in the southern slopes of the Gawflgarh hills, and
flows southwards, partly through Ellichpur and partly through Amraoti,
until it turns westward and forms the boundary between the Murtazapur
and Daryapur taluks, passing thence into Akola District. The Bembla
rises near Karanja Bibi and flows in a semicircular course, north-
easterly and south-easterly, into Wun District. The remainder of the
river system consists mainly of insignificant streams flowing eastwards
into the Wardha.
The geology of the District, which lies entirely within the Payanghat,
is fully noticed in the description of BERAR: and the flora is in all
respects similar to that of the rest of the Payanghat, with the exception
that the vegetation in the neighbourhood of the range of low hills
between Amraoti town and Chandfur is scanty, and resembles that
which fringes the lower slopes of the Gawilgarh hills.
Game is less plentiful than formerly. The tiger is rarely found;
but leopard, wild hog, spotted deer, and nilgai are not uncommon,
and the antelope is seen almost everywhere.
Climatic conditions are uniform throughout the District, and are
similar to those prevailing elsewhere in the Payanghat. The heat
in March, April, and May is great, but the nights are usually cool, the
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