TRADE ,AND COLMMJUNVICATIOVS
The population of this prodnt in 1872 was estimated at 158,581.
According to later enumerations it was: (1881) 147,468, (1891) i8o,I88,
and (190o) I73,436. In the last year Hindus Pp ti.
numbered 150,224, Musalmans 19,77I, Jains 3,267,
and Parsis 20. The following table gives the main statistics in 190 :-
Number of , X
C'2 t * Ks L 2
Z' ' 2 ' r"O
_i l ^ I 1 llgl^^r
; 228 1 58 55I.83 242 + 6.9 5,263
4 866 217 -20.3 45
i7 ! 25 19,464 182 - 4 1,380
* 2 ... io 4,029 78 - 24.1 193
263 1 62 27,653 105 - 6.4 2,130
11 . 28 6,45 6 56 - 21.2 310
204 I 69 32,481 iT - l6.3 1,696
268 I 43 22,689 84 - 1.8 2,410
r 4 I ... 4,615 115 - 0.2 729
1 ,245 6 296 173,436 47 - 37 14,156
About 96 per cent. of the population speak Gujarati, and the re-
mainder chiefly Hindustani and Marathi. In 190I theprant contained
44 native Christians.
For the most part the soil is black and very fertile, but in Shianagar
a tract of half-marsh half-desert is found, where wheat is grown. The
soil in Dhari is lighter, and becomes red near the Gir. A
The crops grown are jowdr, bajra, wheat, udid, mag,
math, gram, tal, banti, china, cotton, sugar-cane, rice, tobacco, and red
pepper. The cultivation of cotton is extending. The Gir cows and
buffaloes and the Kathiawar horses and ponies have long been famous.
The latter, in consequence of there being no professional breeders, do
not show any improvement.
The only forest in Amreli is the Gir, a narrow and mountainous tract
lying to the south-west of the Dhari taluka. Though in 1901 the area
under forest was 46,600 acres, the Gir is probably more useful as
a grazing-ground for cattle than as a timber forest.
The industries are very limited, being practically confined to the
weaving of cotton cloth, embroidery on cheap silk and cotton stuffs in
Dhari and Damnagar, a little silver-work at Amreli,
a little iron-work at Dhari, and some pottery at communications.
Chalavi in the Dhari taluka. There are, however,
seven ginning factories, which employ a fair number of workers. The
chief centres of trade are Amreli, Kodinar, Dwarka, Damnagar, and
Dhari. The want of railways is made up for to some extent by the