income of Rs. 7,000 from customs, excise, and tolls, and a State grant
of Rs. 3,000. The chief industry is hand-loom weaving, but it is not in
a very thriving condition. Dyeing and a little silver-work are also
practised. The town is, however, important as being one of the chief
cotton marts of Kathidwar, and a busy scene is presented just outside
the walls, where, during the season, there are five ginning factories at
work. An officer of the Bombay Political department is stationed
at Amreli as an Assistant to the Resident at Baroda.
Amrita Bazar (Magura).-Village in the head-quarters subdivision
of Jessore District, Bengal, situated in 23° 9' N. and 89° 4' E. Popula-
tion (I901), r,148. It was formed by a family of landholders and
named after their mother. A newspaper known as the Amrila Bazar
Patrika was formerly published here, but is now printed in Calcutta.
Amritsar District.-District in the Lahore Division of the Punjab,
lying between 3I° Io' and 320 3' N. and 74° 30',and 75° 24' E., with an
area of I,60I square miles. The District is in shape an oblong, lying
between the Ravi, which separates it from Sialkot on the north-west, and
the Beas, which separates it from Kapfirthala State on the south-east.
On the north-east it is bounded by Gurdaspur, and on the south-west
The right bank of the Beds is high and abrupt, crowned with a series
of bluffs and sandhills, which occasionally attain an elevation of 30 feet
above the stream at their base. From this point the
level gradually falls away towards the channel of the aspects.
Ravi, whose eastern bank does not exceed a few feet
in height. The Beas now runs close under the high bank, though a
century ago it is said to have flowed several miles farther east; but the
Ravi changes its course from year to year. On either river a belt of Bet,
or low-lying alluvial land, fringes the margin of the modern bed, changing
year by year, according to the action of the floods. Of the uplands
between the two rivers, the part lying south of the grand trunk road is
within the tract known as the Manjha. The District presents the
appearance of an absolutely level plain, sparsely wooded, and broken
only by a sandy ridge running down the middle of the dodb, and by the
drainage lines which carry down the surface-water from Gurdaspur Dis-
trict. The most important of these is the Sakki, a perennial stream.
Amritsar contains nothing of geological interest, as it is situated
entirely on the alluvium. As in Jullundur, cultivation has practically
banished all but the weeds of the spring and autumn crops. In the
north-east some dhdk jungle (Buiea frondosa) survives; and there are
extensive stretches of Saccharum, &c., on the rivers, in places. Many
trees, including the ber (Zizyphus ujiuba), mango, and janun (Eugenia
Jambolana) are cultivated, or occasionally naturalized, near dwellings,
in groves, and by waysides.