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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 331.


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ancestor by many of the Saiyids who now reside here. From about
the same time the importance of the town decreased, Sambhal taking
its place.
Amroha is situated on a low site, the country on each side being of
some elevation. It is surrounded by a belt of fine mango groves, and
a large gateway and the remains of an ancient wall give the place an air
of some importance. The main streets are neat and clean, and many
of the shops have handsome fronts of carved wood; but the large blank
walls of the houses belonging to the Muhammadan gentry present a
gloomy appearance. Besides a few Hindu remains, there are more than
Ioo mosques, and the Jama Masjid is one of the oldest existing build-
ings. It was originally a Hindu temple, converted to its present use at
the end of the thirteenth century; and it contains the shrine of Shaikh
Saddu, a former attendant of the mosque. Saddu is believed to have
practised magic, and his shrine and that of Shah Wilayat are visited by
crowds of Musalmans and low-class Hindus. Amroha contains a tahsili,
a munsift, male and female dispensaries, and a branch of the American
Methodist Mission. It has been a municipality since I870. During
the ten years ending I901 the income and expenditure averaged
Rs. 22,000. In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 32,000, chiefly from octroi
(Rs. 28,000); and the expenditure was Rs. 35,000. There is a good
deal of local trade, which may be expected to increase owing to the
new railway. Cloth and ornamental pottery are the chief manufactures.
The high school has 82 pupils, and there are also a middle school
with I76, and nine municipal schools with 610 pupils.
Amta.-Village in the Ulubaria subdivision of Howrah District,
Bengal, situated in 22 35' N. and 88 I' E., on the Damodar river.
Population (90oI), 210. Amta is a considerable trade centre, and is
connected with Howrah by a light railway, of which it is the terminus.
Amwa Khas.-Village in the Padrauna tahsil of Gorakhpur Dis-
trict, United Provinces, situated in 26 5t' N. and 84 13' E., 68 mile
east of Gorakhpur city, near an old bed of the Great Gandak. Popu-
lation (90oi), 8,918. It is an agricultural village, composed of a
number of scattered hamlets.
Amzera.-Zila and village in Gwalior State, Central India. See
AMJHERA.
An.--Township of Kyaukpyu District, Lower Burma, lying between
I9 i6' and 20 40' N. and 93 45' and 94 26' E., with an area of
2,861 square miles. It comprises practically the whole of the inland
portion and nearly two-thirds of the whole District. In 190o it con-
tained 353 villages and 29,337 inhabitants, compared with 27,863 in
I891. A considerable portion is covered by the forests of the Arakan
Yoma, and the density is only io persons per square mile. More than
one-third of the population consists of Chins. The head-quarters are at



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