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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 332.


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332


AN


An (population, 826), on the An river in the centre of the township,
near the foot of the Yoma, over which a pass leads into the Minbu
District of Upper Burma. About 39 square miles were cultivated in
1903-4, paying Rs. 31,000 land revenue.
Anahadgarh Nizamat.-A nizdmat or administrative district of the
Patiala State, Punjab, lying between 29 33' and 30 34' N. and 74 41'
and 75 50' E., with an area of 1,836 square miles. The population in
I901 was 377,367, compared with 347,395 in i89I. It contains four
towns, GOVINDGARH, BHADAUR, BARNALA or Anahadgarh, the head-
quarters, and HADIAYA; and 454 villages. It is interspersed with
detached pieces of British territory, the principal being the Mahraj
pargana of Ferozepore District, and forms the western portion of the
State. It lies wholly in the Jangal tract, and is divided into three
tahszls, ANAHADGARH, GOVINDGARH, and BHIKHI. The land revenue
and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to 7-2 lakhs.
Anahadgarh Tahsil (or Barnala).--Head-quarters tahsil of the
Anahadgarh nizdnmat, Patiala State, Punjab, lying between 30 9' and
30 34' N. and 75 14' and 75 44' E., with an area of 346 square miles.
The population in i9o0 was I05,989, compared with 104,449 in I891.
The tahsil contains the three towns of BARNALA or Anahadgarh
(population, 6,905), the head-quarters, HADIAYA (5,414), and BHADAUR
(7,710); and 86 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted
in I903-4 to .18 lakhs.
Anaimalais.-The Anaimalais, or 'elephant hills' (0o 15' to
10 3i' N., 760 5I' to 77 20o E.), are a section of the WESTERN GHATS,
situated in the south of Coimbatore District, Madras, and in the
adjoining Native State of Travancore, and are perhaps the most striking
range in Southern India. Like the rest of the Coimbatore Hills and
the Nilgiris, they consist of gneiss, with broad bands of felspar and quartz
crossing its foliations. They are divided into a lower and a higher
range. The latter consists of a series of plateaux 7,000 feet in eleva-
tion, running up into peaks of over 8,000 feet. These are covered with
rolling downs and dark evergreen forest, and are cut off from one
another by deep valleys containing some magnificent scenery'. They
cover o8 to ioo square miles and extend into the Travancore Hills,
the best known of them, the Anaimudi (' elephant's forehead') plateau,
which contains the ANAIMUDI peak, 8,837 feet, the highest point in
Southern India, being entirely within the territory of that State. Two
other well-known peaks are the Akka ('elder sister') and Tangachi
('younger sister'). The climate of these plateaux resembles that of
the Nilgiris.
The lower range of the Anaimalais lies to the west and has an average
Sketches of this, with some account of the range, will be found in Cleghorn's
Forests and Gardens of South India (1861).



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