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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 334.


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334


ANAIMALAIS


worth notice. Both men and women chip their incisor teeth into points
in the manner followed by some of the tribes ot the Malay Archipelago
and the Congo country, and they climb trees by driving a succession of
bamboo pegs into the bark and lashing them together in exactly the
manner adopted by the Dyaks of Borneo. They are also clever at
collecting honey from combs built on the faces of the cliffs, letting them-
selves down from above by ladders made of a series of rattan loops.
Anaimudi (' Elephant's forehead').-A peak of the Western Ghats,
in the extreme north-east of Travancore State, Madras, situate in IO° IO'
N. and 77° 4' E. It is 8,837 feet above the sea and the highest point
in Southern India. Though very precipitous, it is accessible from
the north and with less ease from the east. From the top is obtained a
magnificent view over the Madras Districts of Coimbatore, Madura, and
Malabar, and the States of Travancore and Cochin. On a fine day, the
sea can be seen on the west, the intermediate hills and forests making a
splendid foreground to the picture, while to the north rise the great
ANAIMALAI HILLS on the north-east stretch the plains of Coimbatore,
the Nilgiri plateau, and the Anchanad valley; in the south rise the
CARDAMOM HILLS and the range beyond Pirmed; and in the south-
east a glimpse of the Bodinayakkanir valley is seen. Round Anaimudi
are clustered a number of other peaks of nearly the same elevation, run-
ning in a horseshoe, the opening of which lies towards the north-east.
The low valleys between these hills drop to 3,000 or 2,000 feet. The
whole area, extending over ioo square miles, forms the plateau known
as the High Range. The greater part of this is covered with fine short
grass, with stretches of heavy forest on the lower ground. Before tea
and coffee estates were opened, this was a famous place for game of all
kinds; but now the Nilgiri ibex and the bison are the only animals
found in any considerable numbers. Small game may be said to be
entirely absent. Elephants visit the plateau in large numbers during
the south-west monsoon. Some of the most valuable trees of Travan-
core grow here and in the adjoining Anchanad valley.
Anakapalle Tahsil.-Tahsil in the south-west of Vizagapatam
District, Madras, lying between I7° 29' and 17° 55' N. and 82° 57' and
83° 15' E., with an area of 297 square miles. The population in I901
was 165,478, compared with I52,157 in 1891. The head-quarters are
at ANAKAPALLE (population, I8,539), and there are 143 villages. The
demand for land revenue and cesses in 1903-4 was Rs. 1,22,000. The
northern part of the tahsil is very fertile and well watered, and is exten-
sively cultivated with rice, sugar-cane, and other valuable crops. The
.coast soils are sandy and relatively infertile. The tahsil is entirely
zamindari, being divided among the Gode family and the Kasimkota,
Vizianagram, and Chirpurupalle estates. Kasimkota was formerly a
Faujddri of the Chicacole Sarkdr, and later, from 1794 to 1802, was



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