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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 372.


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372


ANDAMANS


intoxicants. The present policy, in short, is to leave them alone, but
to do what is possible in the conditions to ameliorate their lives. The
administrative objects gained by establishing friendly relations with
the tribes are the cessation of the former murder of shipwrecked crews,
the external peace of the Settlement, and the creation of a jungle police
to prevent escapes of convicts and secure the recapture of runaways.
In the days of Blair and Kyd, 1780-96, the tribes showed themselves
almost uniformly hostile, despite the conspicuous consideration these
early officials exhibited, and remained continuously so after the re-
establishment of the Settlement in I858, attacking working parties of
convicts, just as the Jarawas do still, for iron and articles suitable to
them, and robbing the gardens started for food supplies. These prac-
tices were repressed by force, and efforts towards friendly relations had
to be postponed until respect for the settlers was established. The
procedure then officially adopted, and carried out with such success by
Messrs. Corbyn, Homfray, Man, Godwin-Austen, and Portman in
succession, was the simple one of providing the home and visiting the
people in their own haunts, as opportunity arose, with suitable presents.
[Selections front the Records of the Government of India, Home
Department, No. XXV (Calcutta, i859).-F. J. Mouat: Adventures and
Researches among the Andaman Islanders (r863).-E. H. Man: Abori-
ginal. Inhabitants of the Andaman Islands (1883); many references to
older writers.-R. D. Oldham: ' Notes on the Geology of the Andaman
Islands,' in Records of the Geological Survey of India, vol. xviii, p. 135
(Calcutta, 1885); geological map.-M. V. Portman: Notes on the
Languages of the South Andaman Group of Tribes (Calcutta, I898);
many references to older writers.-M. V. Portman: Records of the
Andamanese in MS. in India Office Library, Home Department Library,
Calcutta, and the British Museum (rS93-S).--M. V. Portman: History
of our Relations weith the Andamanese (Calcutta, I899) ; many references
to older writers.-B. C. Kloss : In the AndaNcans and Nicobars (1902).
-Sir R. C. Temple : Census Report, IgoI, on the Andaman and Nicobar
Islands (1903).]
Andhra.-Name of an ancient kingdom in Southern India. See
TELINGANA and BERAR (history).
Andol.-Western taluk of Medak District, Hyderabad State, with an
area of 433 square miles. The population in 190o, including jdgirs,
was 92,963, compared with 91,208 in 1891. It has 156 villages, of
which 34 are jdgir, and Andol (population, 3,030) is the head-quarters.
The land revenue in 190o was 3-5 lakhs. These statistics include the
Tekmal taluk, which was amalgamated with Andol in i905; the area
of the former is 162 square miles and the population 34,425. The
western portion is composed of black and lateritic soils, while the
eastern and southern portions are sandy.



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