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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 389.

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at intervals for the purpose. To the south are found a large Tsar
plain and a stretch of dhaik jungle, and in the north-east the soil is
sandy. In I903-4 the area under cultivation was 240 square miles,
of which 56 were irrigated. Rivers and wells each supply about two-
fifths of the irrigated area, and tanks orjhi/s the remainder.
Aonla Town (Anwea).-Head-quarters of the lahsil of the same
name in Bareilly District, United Provinces, situated in 28 17' N.
and 79 to' E., on a branch of the Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway
from Aligarh to Bareilly city, and connected by a metalled road with
Budaun. Population (1901), 14,383. The name is probably derived
from that of the tnzw/a tree (Phyllanthus Emblica). In the fourteenth
and fifteenth centuries the neighbourhood was a thick forest, the lurking-
place of the Katehriyas. In the Ain-i-Akbari Aonla is shown as the
head-quarters of a mahdl or pargana. About 1730 All Muhammad,
the rising leader of the Rohillas, procured the assassination of Dfja
Singh, the Katehriya chief, and shortly afterwards made Aonla his
own residence. The town thus became the capital of Rohilkhand;
but after All Muhammad's death, about 1749, separate residences
were allotted to his sons, and Bareilly and Pilibhit became more
important, as Hafiz Rahmat Khan, who wielded most of the power,
preferred those places. The town thus decayed and sank into
insignificance. It is now divided into four separate quarters, which
are in fact distinct villages, the intervals between them being filled with
shaded graveyards or decaying mosques. A small castle still stands
in which the first great Rohilla chief held his court, and his tomb is
in an extensive high-walled enclosure. The chief public buildings
are the tahsili and dispensary, and the American Methodist Mission
has a branch here. Aonla is administered under Act XX of 1856,
with an income of about Rs. 3,000. There is a considerable local
traffic, especially in grain; but it is possible that when Budaun is
opened to railway communication trade will decrease. The tahsi/i
school has about 150 pupils.
Ar.-Village in Udaipur State, Rajputana. See AH.R.
Araga.-Village in the Tirthahalli taluk of Shimoga District,
Mysore, situated in 13 45' N. and 75 13' E., 5 miles north of
Tirthahalli town. Population (I901), 576. It was from early times
the capital of the Male-rajya or 'hill kingdom,' and was in the Santalige
'thousand' province. The Santara kings of Humcha held it under
the Chalukyas. In the fourteenth century, and later under Vijayanagar,
the kingdom comprised three cities and eighteen kampana or districts,
and gave its name to the Araga realm, which was governed by a prince
of the royal family. The Keladi kings next held it till subverted by
the conquests of Haidar All in 1763.
Arakan Division.-A Division of Lower Burma, lying between

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