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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 2.

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of various patterns are made in the town by the foreign weaver-caste of
the Patnulkarans, which are most handsome and effective and have
a wide reputation. The chiefs of Ariyalur experienced numerous
vicissitudes during the Wars of the Carnatic and the government of
the Nawab. When Trichinopoly District passed into the hands of the
East India Company in I8oI, the poligdr, or chief, was in receipt of
a monthly allowance of Rs. 700, the estate being under the manage-
ment of an agent of the Nawab. The zamindari continued under the
management of the Company for some years, the proprietor being
allowed one-tenth of its net income; but in I817 he obtained a sanad
(title-deed) for the village in which he resided and a number of others
adjoining it, the annual value of which was equal to one-tenth of the
gross revenue of the estate, and he was required to pay a peshkash
of about Rs. i,090. The zaminddrs are Vanniyas by caste, and origin-
ally held the estate as arasukdvalgdrs or 'heads of police.' The
property has since been dismembered into seventeen portions, as a
result of civil court sales held to discharge the debts incurred by its
owners. Ariyalar has a particularly fine market, which is regarded
as one of the best in Southern India. A large temple of comparatively
recent date, about 4 miles from the town, is a sort of local Lourdes,
devout Hindus taking their sick to it in the hope that their cure will be
effected at the hands of the founder of the temple.
Arkalgid.-Southern taluk of Hassan District, Mysore, lying
between 12 31' and 12 50' N. and 75 56' and 760 2' E., with an
area of 261 square miles. The population in I90o was 76,775,
compared with 75,812 in I891. The talZk contains three towns,
Arkalgad (population, 4,903), the head-quarters, Konanur (2,328), and
Basavapatna (I,684); and 300 villages. The land revenue demand
in I903-4 was Rs. I,25,000. The Hemavati river forms the northern
boundary, and the Cauvery runs through part of the south. The rice
crop served by the river channels is one of great yield and certainty.
Near the large tanks rice is followed by a crop of onions, which is very
profitable. The west of the dtauk up to the borders of Coorg is jungly
and hilly. In the south are numerous coco-nut and areca-nut gardens,
but the areca-nut is the coarse variety called godu. On the high
watershed in the centre much tobacco is grown, which is converted
into snuff.
Arkavati.-A tributary of the CAUvERY, in Mysore, about 120 miles
long, having its source on Nandidroog, and flowing through Bangalore
District from north to south with a slight westerly direction. The Kumud-
vati from the west joins it south of Nelamangala, and the Vrishabhavati
from Bangalore on the east, north of Kankanhalli. In its upper course
are some large tanks, including Hesarghatta, the source of the water-
supply of Bangalore. From Savandurga southwards it runs mostly

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